By Stephen D. Mellalieu
This booklet presents a evaluate and dialogue of the new circulate in the direction of the good points and outcomes of aggressive nervousness. Following an outline of aggressive stress-related terminologies, conceptual and psychometric advancements are thought of together with the thought of directional anxiousness interpretations. The statement then specializes in the theories and versions that define the aptitude features of tension with regards to athletic functionality. utilized implications and destiny learn instructions also are mentioned including a few explicatory statements concerning the nature of the precompetitive tension adventure in game.
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Extra info for A Competitive Anxiety Review: Recent Directions in Sport Psychology Research
Hardy 1997). Eysenck (1992) purported that cognitive anxiety served two principal functions. Firstly, it consumed some of an individual’s attentional capacity for the task, effectively reducing working memory capacity due to task irrelevant cognitive activity or worry, thereby impairing processing efficiency. Secondly, cognitive anxiety or worry also signals the importance of the task to the individual and may lead to an increased investment in the task if a below par performance is perceived. This reduction in effective capacity can be countered by an increased effort (Eysenck, 1986) and while processing efficiency is impaired, performance effectiveness may therefore be maintained or even enhanced under conditions of high anxiety but at the expense of utilizing a greater proportion of the available resources.
The adoption of such designs in future will allow researchers to identify and explain both the intra- and interindividual differences that may occur in the competitive stress process. INDIVIDUAL DIFFERENCES A further line of research into the study of competitive anxiety is to continue to examine the individual difference factors that predict debilitated and facilitated symptom interpretations in performers. In our earlier section we summarized the findings and key implications from these individual differences and in this section we highlight three potential lines of enquiry emphasized by several of these authors in relation to the study of perceived control, psychological skills usage, and the development of competitive experience respectively.
2004). , 1996). Indeed, recent meta-analyses by Hardy and Woodman (2003) and Craft et al. (2003) have reported that self-confidence displays the strongest and most consistent relationship with performance over and above the intensity of competitive anxiety symptoms experienced. ’s (2004) qualitative investigation of the relationship between self-confidence and competitive anxiety intensity and symptom interpretation. In this study, elite performers reported using cognitive confidence management strategies including mental rehearsal, thought stopping, and positive self-talk to protect against debilitating interpretations of competitive anxiety.
A Competitive Anxiety Review: Recent Directions in Sport Psychology Research by Stephen D. Mellalieu