By Edward Shorter

ISBN-10: 0195176685

ISBN-13: 9780195176681

This is often the 1st historic dictionary of psychiatry. It covers the topic from autism to Vienna, and comprises the most important recommendations, participants, locations, and associations that experience formed the evolution of psychiatry and the neurosciences. An creation places large tendencies and overseas transformations in context, and there's an in depth bibliography for extra interpreting. each one access supplies the most dates, subject matters, and personalities concerned about the unfolding of the subject. Longer entries describe the evolution of such topics as melancholy, schizophrenia, and psychotherapy. The booklet supplies prepared connection with when issues occurred in psychiatry, how and where they occurred, and who made the most contributions. moreover, it touches on such social issues as "women in psychiatry," "criminality and psychiatry," and "homosexuality and psychiatry." A finished index makes instantly available topics that don't look within the alphabetical directory. between those that will relish this dictionary are clinicians involved in the origins of ideas they use of their day-by-day practices, resembling "paranoia," "selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors" (SSRIs), or "tardive dyskinesia"; simple scientists who wish prepared connection with the advance of such techniques as "neurotransmitters," "synapse," or "neuroimaging"; scholars of clinical historical past prepared to situate the psychiatric narrative inside of higher occasions, and most of the people concerned about health problems that would impact them, their households and their communities-or readers who basically need to know in regards to the grand chain of occasions from the asylum to Freud to Prozac. Bringing jointly info from the English, French, German, Italian, and Scandinavian languages, the Dictionary rests on a tremendous base of fundamental assets that hide the expansion of psychiatry via all of Western society.

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Yet Ribot’s coinage had little immediate impact. Anhedonia became launched into the German world of psychopathological thinking as Karl Jaspers in 1913 used the expression “the feeling of loss of feelings” (“das Gefühl, man habe keine Gefühle mehr”). “The patients complain that they are unable to experience pleasure or pain” (General Psychopathology [Allgemeine Psychopathologie], p. 67). In 1922, Boston psychiatrist Abraham Myerson (1881–1948) defined anhedonia in the American Journal of Psychiatry to mean the loss of interest in everything pleasurable plus “the disappearance of the energy feeling”: “life itself lacks desire and satisfaction” (p.

239). Prominent in the disorder was physical (motor) agitation; the patients were impossible to keep in bed. Wernicke said that so-called agitated melancholy represented a subform of psychotic anxiety and was not further related to melancholy. The prognosis of anxiety psychosis was favorable. Hartenberg describes “timidity” (1901). ” He defined timidity as “a complex state of agitation [trouble], confusion, embarrassment, fear, scrupulousness, shame etc. . ” Hartenberg considered these symptoms the result of “two fundamental emotions”: fear and shame.

This massed array of pathology was in a sense neo-Kraepelinian, returning to the teetotal spirit of the founder of modern psychiatry. ALZHEIMER, ALOIS (1864–1915). Known for describing the type of presenile dementia named after him, Alzheimer was born in a small town in Lower Franconia, Germany, 18 Alzheimer’s Disease | Andreasen, Nancy Coover the son of a local bureaucrat. After completing his medical studies in 1888 at the University of Würzburg—and after orienting himself toward neurohistology in a short spell of research in the lab of Rudolf Albert Kölliker (1817–1905) in Würzburg— Alzheimer took a post later in 1888 as assistant physician at the Frankfurt City Asylum, where the director Emil Franz Sioli (1852–1922) at least tolerated scientific work with a microscope.

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A Historical Dictionary of Psychiatry by Edward Shorter

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