By Alberdina Houtman, E Staalduine-Sulman, Hans-Martin Kirn
What's the use of a Targum in a cultural environment the place Aramaic isn't a standard language anymore? And why might Christians have an interest in a as a rule Jewish textual content in an another way anti-Jewish milieu? those and comparable questions have served as courses for Alberdina Houtman, Eveline van Staalduine-Sulman and Hans-Martin Kirn in bringing jointly the articles for the current ebook, which is composed of 3 components: 1. makes use of and capabilities of Targum in Europe; 2. modifying Targums and their Latin Translations; three. Targums and Christianity. a few of the articles care for the codicological and paratextual elements of the proper manuscripts and versions as witnesses in their cultural historic events. The meant readership contains experts in Targum, Jewish and medieval stories, (church) historians, codicologists and (Christian) theologians.
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Extra resources for A Jewish Targum in a Christian World
Warszawa, 200–201, transl. Berman, 379], ExodR 12:3 [ed. Shinan, 246–247 with bibliography]). 2 A question was posed: referring to the Bible, but in a typical rabbinic phrase. Cf. ‘This question was already stated some time ago by R. ” ’ (Mek, Massekhta DeWaYehi (BeShallaḥ), 5 [ed. Lauterbach (2004), 156]). down: according to the line-up of rhetorical questions on limitations of human deeds in Prov 30:4 as used analogously in a Petirah-Midrash about the death of Moses: ‘ “Who has ascended to heaven and come down?
For example, ms Heb. f. 56, fols. 105–119 (Neubauer 2821/32; Bodleian Library, Oxford) displays parts of Targum Canticles with its Arabic translation. Targum with a Latin translation. A new tradition arose in Spain, where Christian Hebraists started—during and after the production of the Complutensian Polyglot Bible—to copy the Targums with an accompanying Latin translation, both in the polyglot Bible and in separate manuscripts. They made the Targums available and accessible for Christian scholars through these texts and translations.
The following table therefore provides a better overview, although the Cairo Genizah collection could not be included, because it is mostly unclear whether a fragment with Targum Jonathan stems from a continuous text or from a liturgical selection. Table 2 Eastern script Ashkenazi script Italian script Sephardi script Total Western script unknown provenance Distribution of continuous Targum texts and capita selecta Targum Targum Onkelos Onkelos continuous capita selecta Targum Targum Targum Jonathan Jonathan Jonathan continuous capita capita selecta selecta (festivals) (whole year) Targum Targum Writings Megillot (incl.
A Jewish Targum in a Christian World by Alberdina Houtman, E Staalduine-Sulman, Hans-Martin Kirn