By World Bank
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The study reported on the major changes in fisheries over the last 40 to 50 years, particularly developments in fishing techniques, management, and market demand. Inadequate resource management, particularly for offshore fisheries but also for inshore fisheries and, increasingly, in aquaculture, has resulted in many areas in seriously low, unbalanced, and unsustainable fish stocks. The environment has also had detrimental effects on fishing societies, especially the rural poor, and on national economies.
Following the first Advisory Committee meeting, six missions to developing regions were organized to assess the research capacities of developing countries. Missions visited India, the ASEAN region, East and West Africa, and the east and west coasts of South America, collecting information from 18 countries. The composition of these missions and the countries visited are given in annex 4. The mission reports have been published in the World Bank Technical Paper series (World Bank and others 1991a, 1991b, and 1991c).
The disparity in objectives between the two parties is often a source of difficulty. The second important effect of the extension of jurisdiction was to allow coastal states to exercise control over the domestic use of their fishery resources and, by ending international open access, to provide an essential basis for their adoption of effective management measures. Under the principle of the freedom of the seas, multinational bodies had been necessary for the adoption and implementation of fishery management measures.
A Study of international fisheries research by World Bank