By Demetrios E. Tonias
All through its first 3 centuries of life, the Christian neighborhood, whereas new to the Roman world's pluralistic spiritual scene, portrayed itself as an historical faith. The early church group claimed the Jewish Bible as their very own and appeared to it to safeguard their claims to historicity. whereas Jews regarded to Moses and the Sinai covenant because the concentration in their old courting with God, the early church fathers and apologists pointed out themselves as inheritors of the promise given to Abraham and observed their project to the Gentiles because the achievement of God's announcement that Abraham will be "a father of many countries" (Gen 17:5).
It is in mild of this history that Demetrios Tonias undertakes the 1st, finished exam of John Chrysostom's view of the patriarch Abraham.
By interpreting the total variety of references to Abraham in Chrysostom's paintings, Tonias unearths the ways that Chrysostom used Abraham as a version of philosophical and Christian advantage, familial devotion, philanthropy, and obedient religion.
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Extra info for Abraham in the Works of John Chrysostom
The nineteen-month reign of Julian from 361 to 363 was proof enough of this uncertainty. The world of John Chrysostom was one in which followers of the old pagan cults and philosophical traditions competed with Christians for the hearts and minds of the Roman populace. Christians in turn were divided among themselves and their internal disputes constituted, in many ways, the most profound religious struggle of the period. 72 The hierarchs and teachers of the fourth-century Christian church responded to this religious competition in a familiar way—through the promulgation of texts.
Young, “The Rhetorical Schools and Their Influence on Patristic Exegesis,” in Making of Orthodoxy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1989), 188. 63. Indeed, Chrysostom often used Paul’s view of Abraham to buttress his own high opinion of the patriarch, as when he tells his congregation to “listen to what Paul says about Abraham, his obedience, and the faith he showed in everything God said” [ἄκουσον τοῦ Παύλου λέγοντος περὶ τοῦ Ἀβραὰμ καὶ τῆς ὑπακοῆς τῆς ἐκείνου καὶ τῆς ἐν ἅπασι πίστεως]. 715.
18 | Abraham in the Works of John Chrysostom Chrysostom employed sophistic methods to condemn the sophists and, indeed, anyone else whom he viewed as a threat to the boundaries of his community. The language that Chrysostom used to describe those outside the “orthodoxy” of his belief, like that of the sophists, was often harsh. One should not, however, view such condemnatory language as a black-and-white distinction that left room for neither appreciation nor appropriation of the group in question.
Abraham in the Works of John Chrysostom by Demetrios E. Tonias