By Thomas G. Mitchell

ISBN-10: 0275991687

ISBN-13: 9780275991685

ISBN-10: 0313082847

ISBN-13: 9780313082849

This booklet is a story historical past of the thirty-year fight to outlaw slavery, beginning with the founding of the yankee Anti-Slavery Society in 1834 and lengthening till the abolition of slavery within the usa on the finish of the Civil War.

The middle of the ebook contains sections: 1) the 20-year political fight to limit slavery via a succession of anti-extensionist events beginning in 1840 with the founding of the freedom celebration, extending in the course of the loose Soil social gathering (1848-54) and finishing with Abraham Lincoln being elected president as a Republican at the related simple platform because the Liberty occasion in 1844. 2) The fight through abolitionists to take advantage of the outbreak of the Civil struggle as an opportunity to rid the rustic of slavery utilizing the administrative wartime powers of the presidency.

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Extra resources for Antislavery Politics in Antebellum and Civil War America

Example text

He was not succeeded in stature by a single individual but, rather, a number of individual leaders competed to inherit his mantle. The most important were: Chase and Bailey in Ohio, Smith and Goodell in New York, and Joshua Leavitt in Massachusetts. Smith became the leader of one of three main factions in the Liberty Party and had Birney join him. The Smith faction wanted to transform the Liberty Party from a single-issue party to a general reform party. The other two factions were led by Chase, who favored forming a broad antislavery coalition by attracting antislavery politicians from both parties, and by Leavitt and Lewis Tappan, who wanted to keep the Liberty Party as it had been up until then.

They met in the shade of the Worcester Lunatic Asylum (a tidbit of information that Cotton editors never omitted when describing the convention). Charles Sumner gave the main oration, the start of his career of long-winded speeches. The convention named Charles F. Adams chairman of a committee to organize the Buffalo convention. At the speakers’ table sat Giddings, Wilson, Charles Allen, Charles Adams, and Sumner. 13 Individual Democrats in Massachusetts, Vermont, and New Hampshire and factions from the Whigs in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island all joined the Buffalo movement as well as Clay supporters in New York.

But in New York the Democrats had 24,852 new voters as against only 6,469 for the Whigs as compared to 1840. In Michigan the margin of victory was 3,546 votes for the Democrats with 6,635 new votes for the Democrats compared to only 1,252 for the Whigs. Instead of complaining about the Liberty vote having cost them the election, the Whigs should have admitted that it was the uneven growth rate between the two main parties to the advantage of the Democrats that cost them the election. 56 Texas annexation did have its positive side for the antislavery cause.

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Antislavery Politics in Antebellum and Civil War America by Thomas G. Mitchell


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