By L. R. Bramlage, M. D. Markel, D. W. Richardson, G. E. Fackelman, J. A. Auer, David M. Nunamaker
The e-book includes all of the most up-to-date and top details on huge animal osteosynthesis. The CD-ROM supplies quick access to the total AO ASIF wisdom Base. With easy mouseclicks you could swap from textual content to figures to animation and to the AO ASIF instructing movies. this can be excellent for preoperative making plans, permitting you to improve a surgical method via operating with standardized bones and tools offered at the display. the realm vast internet could be accessed through mouseclick, permitting you to test all present literature. Updates on particular matters are awarded on devoted web homepage a www.aopublishing.com.
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Extra info for AO Principles of Equine Osteosynthesis
The material acts to improve the contact area between bone and plate as well as between the screw head and the plate. This decreases the bending and shearing effects of weight bearing on the screw heads that occupy the oval holes of the DCP. In vitro mechanical tests showed that the cyclic fatigue life of bone-plate composites exposed to bending forces increased three to twelve-fold when plate luting was used. In vivo experiments and clinical experience have confirmed this advantage. Plate luting begins with the completion of a normal internal fixation (see above).
Typically, plates must be placed in a less than ideal location, in terms of biomechanics. Dental acrylic Dental acrylic may be applied intraorally to serve as a buttress and enhance stability [7, 8]. In its softened state, the acrylic is molded to the contours of the mandible or maxilla. It is important to select an acrylic that does not produce an exothermic reaction during the hardening process. Such a reaction can be harmful to the gingival tissues. In selected cases, wires may be incorporated into the acrylic while it is still soft.
If the germinal buds were not badly damaged, maturation will be normal. In most cases, fracture follows catching of the teeth in a mesh wire (Fig. F4A) . Occasionally, kicking injuries occur (Fig. F4B) or the animal may injure that part of the face falling or running into an immovable obstacle (Fig. F4C). Pathologic fractures may be seen in progressive severe dental disease with chronic infection and osteolysis. On other occasions, tumors render the mandible fragile, predisposing it to fracture.
AO Principles of Equine Osteosynthesis by L. R. Bramlage, M. D. Markel, D. W. Richardson, G. E. Fackelman, J. A. Auer, David M. Nunamaker