By Michael Haas (auth.)
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Additional info for Asian and Pacific Regional Cooperation: Turning Zones of Conflict into Arenas of Peace
1 Nevertheless, within a decade 34 ASIAN AND PACIFIC REGIONAL COOPERATION of its existence, Malaysia’s Prime Minister Datuk Hussein Onn referred to the “ASEAN Spirit” as ASEAN’s “greatest achievement” (van den Kroef 1978a:144). An ASEAN Way, a set of common practices developed at meetings among Southeast Asians, could only exist after the organization was formed in 1967. For one observant scholar (Bellamy (2004:95), the ASEAN Way embodies three principles: (1) decision making by consultation and consensus, (2) a commitment to use peaceful rather than military methods for conflict resolution, and (3) the practice of steering clear of any discussion of the internal affairs of sovereign member countries.
Cross-border travel for a period of up to one week was soon undertaken without a visa. Later, the same visa-free travel was adopted among all other members of Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN). Indeed, the goal of ASEAN has been to break down artificial barriers between the countries of Southeast Asia by stressing common cultural characteristics. The same cultural emphasis pervades South Pacific regional organizations headquartered in Island countries. Chapter 2 in this volume provides more details on how cultural pluralism works in both regions.
Haas 1964). Conventional wisdom has been that greater economic interdependence through increased trade, especially after the end of the Cold War and the formation of the WTO, has had a profound impact on regional IGOs focused on economic goals (cf. Kahler 2000). The three economists report that East Asia and Northeast Asia have the lowest levels of regionalization on all four measures, whereas the EU has the highest levels of regionalization. 2). More revealingly, the study also can be interpreted to determine which types of pluralism best predict the establishment of other forms of pluralism.
Asian and Pacific Regional Cooperation: Turning Zones of Conflict into Arenas of Peace by Michael Haas (auth.)