By Volker Rittberger, Martin Nettesheim
This quantity analyzes altering styles of authority within the worldwide political economic system with an in-depth examine the recent roles performed via nation and non-state actors, and addresses key subject matters together with the supply of world public items, new modes of legislation and the possibility of new associations for worldwide governance.
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3) The ‘Anti-MAI campaign’ (carried forward by more than 600 (I)NGOs from more than 50 states), which defeated an OECD sponsored Multilateral Agreement on Investment. In sum, the technological revolution has helped CSOs to build powerful transnational coalitions (Brühl and Rittberger 2001: 11; Keck and Sikkink 1998). In addition, international negotiations have undergone profound changes. Although extra resources and information at first glance should ease decision-making, a surplus of information has sometimes actually increased Volker Rittberger, Carmen Huckel, Lothar Rieth, Melanie Zimmer 31 uncertainty, and thus negotiations have been prolonged rather than shortened.
These disparities in decision-making rights mean that UNAIDS only meets the minimum requirements of inclusiveness and therefore ranks as an institution of low inclusiveness. UN Global Compact The Global Compact initiative is mostly considered to be an example of a public policy network and a public–private partnership (Kell and Levin 2003: 151; Nelson and United Nations 2002: 135f; Rieth 2004: 154–5). The Global Compact network seeks to contribute to a more equitable and sustainable globalized economy by making its ten (albeit rather general) principles in the areas of human rights, labour standards, environmental protection and prevention of corruption an integral part of business activities everywhere (Hamm 2006; Kell 2003).
Since the 1990s, global public policy networks9 and public–private partnerships10 were created as ways of addressing narrowly defined problems. g. The Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization, UNAIDS and the Global Fund. In other issue areas, such as environmental protection, human rights, and labour standards, partnerships like the UN Global Compact and the World Commission on Dams were created. Taking these developments into account, it can be inferred that a new type of institution for global governance, the ‘inclusive global institution’, based on state and non-state members, has emerged.
Authority in the Global Political Economy (International Political Economy) by Volker Rittberger, Martin Nettesheim