By Russell Gmirkin

ISBN-10: 0567025926

ISBN-13: 9780567025920

ISBN-10: 0567134393

ISBN-13: 9780567134394

This publication proposes a brand new conception in regards to the date and situations of the composition of the "Pentateuch". The relevant thesis of this booklet is that the Hebrew "Pentateuch" used to be composed in its entirety approximately 273-272 BCE via Jewish students at Alexandria that later traditions credited with the Septuagint translation of the "Pentateuch" into Greek. the first facts is literary dependence of Gen. 1-11 on Berossus' "Babyloniaca" (278 BCE) and of the Exodus tale on Manetho's "Aegyptiaca" (c. 285-280 BCE), and the geo-political facts inside the desk of countries. a few symptoms element to a provenance of Alexandria, Egypt for a minimum of a few parts of the "Pentateuch". That the "Pentateuch", using literary assets chanced on on the nice Library of Alexandria, was once composed at virtually an analogous date because the Septuagint translation, offers compelling facts for a few point of conversation and collaboration among the authors of the "Pentateuch" and the Septuagint students at Alexandria's Museum. The past due date of the "Pentateuch", as established through literary dependence on Berossus and Manetho, has vital effects: the definitive overthrow of the chronological framework of the "Documentary Hypothesis", and a past due, third century BCE date for significant parts of the Hebrew Bible, which convey literary dependence at the "Pentateuch".

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Additional resources for Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch (The Library of Hebrew Bible Old Testament Studies)

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Another source was the Priestly Code (P), concerned primarily with legal and priestly matters and only secondarily with history. The remainder of the Pentateuch was mostly assigned to the Yahwist (J), which was a historical narrative largely unconcerned with legislation. Additional material was assigned to a fourth source, the Elohist (E), which (like P) typically referred to God as Elohim rather than Yahweh. This book does not take issue with the Higher Criticism's identification of different sources in the Pentateuch, each with its own consistent vocabulary, interests and theological outlook.

1. Methodology and History of Scholarship 21 the Pentateuch's utilizing Berossus (278 BCE), Manetho (ca. 285 BCE) and likely Cleitarchus (ca. 275 BCE), as well as displaying knowledge of the organization of the Seleucid and Ptolemaic realms of 278 BCE or later. This hard evidenc deductively establishes a date range of composition of 278-269 BCE for th Pentateuch. Within that date range, additional date evidence of an inductive type is also developed. The Curse of Canaan is argued to have reflected conditions at the end of the First Syrian War, ca.

15 In the past, it was widely assumed that Theophrastus's information about the Jews was highly inaccurate,16 but recent scholarship has pointed out that his description of Jewish religious practices corresponds to certain customs 13.

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Berossus and Genesis, Manetho and Exodus: Hellenistic Histories and the Date of the Pentateuch (The Library of Hebrew Bible Old Testament Studies) by Russell Gmirkin


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