By Christian Nellemann et al.
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Additional info for Blue Carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment
51 91 000 Current ranges of total valuation estimates of blue carbon sinks per hectare Mangroves Figure 21: Although coastal ecosystems are already among the most valuable on the planet, the current estimates of the economic value for some of the oceans blue carbon sinks are surprisingly low. How should human perception of these important ecosystems change as we learn of the vast benefits of maintaining healthy coasts and oceans? 15 000 Seagrass Coral reef 10 000 5 000 Deep sea Salt marshes Coastal plankton - 0 - - - - - - - - Ranges of different values found in literature - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Sources: Martinez et al.
Indeed, together these changes could result in a significant turnover of species of more than 60% of present biodiversity. This has the potential to disrupt a range of marine ecosystem services including food provisioning. Climate change will impact across all the four dimensions (availability, stability, access and utilization) of food security. Availability of aquatic products will vary through changes in ecosystems, production, species distribution and habitats. Changes will occur at regional and local levels in freshwater and marine systems due to ecosystem shifts and changing aquaculture options, which depend on availability of key inputs.
2002). The loss of blue carbon sinks represents, in addition to the impacts on biodiversity and coastal protection involved, the loss of a natural carbon sink, eroding the capacity of the biosphere to remove anthropogenic CO2 emissions. 0 1970 Source : NASA, 2008. 1980 1990 2000 Figure 18: Declining ability of the Southern ocean’s ability to absorb CO2. , 2005. , 2005. - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Average burial rate - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Maximum burial rate - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Teragrams of carbon per year - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Figure 19a–b: The capacity of ocean’s blue carbon sinks.
Blue Carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment by Christian Nellemann et al.