By William Deakin
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Extra info for British Political and Military Strategy in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe in 1944
This was written to Lord Halifax; but in mid-June Churchill repeated the substance directly to Roosevelt. In these exchanges of telegrams we discern a fixed point of British policy in 1944, one of the few: to prevent the overrunning of Greece. The historic ties were strong; British and Commonwealth forces had made a quixotic and despairing attempt to save Greece in 1941; the strategic position of the country mattered for control of the Eastern Mediterranean; and there (which could not be said of most other countries in southern or central Europe) the Allied forces might well be able to dominate the situation.
9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. W. S. Churchill, The Second World War, Vol. II: Their Finest Hour (London, Reprint Society edition, 1949) pp. 20-22. Earl of Avon, The Eden Memoirs: The Reckoning (London, 1965) pp. 295--6. Ibid. p. 319. S. de Mowbray, 'Soviet Deception and the Onset of the Cold War' in Encounter, (July/August, 1984) pp. 16-17. Undated memorandum by the Assistant to the President's Naval Aide, 'Zones of Occupation in Europe', Foreign Relations of the United States: The Conference at Quebec, 1944 pp.
The reason for this is that there are many others taking part who have the right to speak on these topics with greater authority and closer personal experience. Balkan Air Force and its army sub-unit, Land Forces Adriatic, deserve great credit. By strengthening the JNLA they assisted the enormous contribution of the partisans in containing enemy forces. It is worth remembering that on D-Day for Overlord the German divisions pinned down in the Mediterranean were distributed as follows: eleven in the South of France, twenty-five in Italy and nineteen in the Balkans.
British Political and Military Strategy in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe in 1944 by William Deakin