By United Nations
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Additional info for Building the architecture for sustainable space security: conference report 30-31 March 2006
One participant gave the example of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Ariane launch programme that launches from French Cuiana. In this case it was asked whether the host country is responsible for registering launches or if this is the responsibility of the owners of the satellite. One problem is that some commercial satellite bodies that were once intergovernmental organizations have since been privatized. At present, states in which a company's headquarters are located do not take responsibility for being the launchingstate.
The definition of space weaponry is a difficult issue thatthe conference participants had to tackle. ' This is a broad definition. A more limited one may prove politically more adequate when it comes to writing an arms control proposal. A definition of ASATs is based on three sets of parameters: 1. The target of the ASAT can be the satellite itself, but also the control station on the ground or even the electronic communication link between the ground station and the satellite. If the satellite is the element being targeted, a technically important distinction appears between target satellites in low-Earth orbit (LEO), which is relatively easy to reach, and target satellites in geosynchronous orbit (CEO).
The forum was created to stimulate ideas and overcome the various existing boundaries to such interaction. Rebecca Johnson concluded that: There is still a need to forge alliances and communicate better with commercial and military players, including in the United States, to ensure sustainable space security; We now need to engage parliamentarians much more effectively to raise the level of debate in different countries and regional institutions such as the European Union, and to provide legislators with the information and questions to ask governments, defence ministries and regional alliances such as North Atlantic Treaty Organisation; We need to do more to break down the institutional and political barriers so as to address both the civilian and military aspects of space security more coherently; and In order to adapt a principle of political strategy (think globally, but act locally), we need to think comprehensively, but build the space security architecture incrementally.
Building the architecture for sustainable space security: conference report 30-31 March 2006 by United Nations