By Stanley N. Caroff, Stephan C. Mann, Andrew Francis
Through the twentieth century, catatonia all yet dropped off the time table of mainstream psychiatric study. even though, a number of devoted examine teams, represented during this quantity, endured to file unique info highlighting catatonia as a appropriate and excellent topic for scientific research. This ebook, which exemplifies the exceptional breadth of the information won, will profit clinicians handling catatonic phenomena in addition to researchers attracted to pursuing additional investigations. This ebook covers in nice element the psychopathology and neurobiology of catatonia, concentrating on the background, epidemiology, etiology, analysis and remedy of the ailment. This complete quantity -Offers a large illustration of the old and world wide literature at the many variations of catatonia in one, well-organized textual content. -Includes paintings awarded by way of the unique investigators, a lot of whom paintings open air the U.S. and feature had their past experiences released in simple terms in non-English journals. -Covers replacement reviews and views on catatonia, contributing novel and illuminating views at the syndrome. -Addresses parts of controversyAincluding disagreements over remedy and the nosologic prestige of catatoniaAhead-on, in a balanced, evidence-based presentation. -Balances useful medical fabric with the underlying neurobiology, offering scientific points within the context of background, epidemiology, cross-cultural views, and neurobiological findings and highlighting the richness and highbrow allure of the examine of the ailment. Catatonia is exclusive in supplying a various, foreign team of members and this sort of finished, updated overview of the scientific and clinical literature, spanning the breadth of up to date figuring out in regards to the nature, that means, and value of the syndrome.
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Extra info for Catatonia: From Psychopathology to Neurobiology
Even among early investigators, catatonia was associated with a diverse range of neuropsychiatric and systemic disorders. Although Kahlbaum proposed catatonia to be a unitary form of insanity, 4 of his patients had neurosyphilis, 1 had peritonitis, 9 had seizures, and 11 had other neurologic findings (Berrios 1981; Carroll 2001; Kahlbaum 1973). It is obvious from the data in Table 2–5 that catatonic signs are observed in a range of disorders and are not specific to any diagnosis. Catatonia has been associated more or less strongly with schizophrenia or mood disorders in different studies.
Changes in Rate of Catatonic Schizophrenia at Single Sites Several investigators compared the rate of catatonia among patients studied during different periods at single sites using consistent criteria (Table 2–4). 5% in the 1950s. 6%) of 28 first admissions for schizophrenia in 1965 and that no cases of catatonia were observed among first admissions in 1976. Author(s) Years Study design Rate Diagnostic criteria Joyston-Bechal (1966) Guggenheim and Babigian (1974) Fein and McGrath (1990) Pataki et al.
Mov Disord 14:404–416, 1999 Oulis P, Lykouras L, Gournellis R, et al: Psychomotor disturbances in psychiatric inpatients: a clinical study. Acta Psychiatr Belg 97:181–191, 1997 Peralta V, Cuesta MJ: Motor features in psychotic disorders, I: factor structure and clinical correlates. Schizophr Res 47:107–116, 2001 Peralta V, Cuesta MJ, Serrano JF, et al: The Kahlbaum syndrome: a study of its clinical validity, nosological status and relationship with schizophrenia and mood disorder. Compr Psychiatry 38:61–67, 1997 Rosebush PI, Hildebrand AM, Furlong BG, et al: Catatonic syndrome in a general psychiatric inpatient population: frequency, clinical presentation and response to lorazepam.
Catatonia: From Psychopathology to Neurobiology by Stanley N. Caroff, Stephan C. Mann, Andrew Francis