By Mark Maslin
Weather switch remains to be, arguably, the main severe and debatable factor dealing with the realm within the twenty-first century. formerly released as international Warming: a truly brief advent, the hot version is now weather swap: a truly brief advent, reflecting an incredible switch within the terminology of the decade.
In the 3rd version, Mark Maslin comprises an important updates from the previous few years, together with the result of the 2013 IPCC 5th evaluate file, the results of ocean acidification, and the impression of adjustments to worldwide inhabitants and overall healthiness. Exploring the entire key themes within the debate, Maslin is sensible of the complexities weather switch includes, from political and social matters to environmental and medical. taking a look at its predicated affects, he explores all the controversies, and
also explains many of the proposed options.
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Extra info for Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd Edition)
The process of risk communication is just as important as its content. • The social dynamics of a community significantly influence the perception of risks by the public and the degree to which the risks of hazardous facilities are tolerated. • People confronted with a risk issue generally look for someone to blame, even for such natural risks as floods and earthquakes (with some exceptions: see the case study on radon). • Risk communication aimed at reassuring people is extremely difficult. • If people are very concerned about a risk, it is very difficult to change their minds.
The case study reviews several countries' communication programmes, which depend heavily on the use of health warnings on cigarette packets. A two-pronged approach is recommended: both providing the individual with information and help to give up smoking and promoting healthier attitudes along with restricting opportunities to take up smoking (for example, by banning smoking in public places). The next group of studies all focus on hazardous facilities of various kinds, beginning with the study on the Seveso directive (the European Union directive on the major accident hazards of certain industrial activities).
The cases were selected on the pragmatic criterion that they should cover a range of different environment and health hazards of direct interest to the WHO Regional Office for Europe. The majority of the studies therefore address communication about individual types of hazard. The Seveso directive is included since it is a legal instrument that relates to a specific set of risk sources, namely major industrial hazards. 2); • hazards with effects on different geographical scales: the individual (AIDS and mv infection, smoking), local (incineration, the Seveso directive) and societal (nuclear energy) levels; • voluntary risks over which there is some degree of individual control, such as smoking, and involuntary risks beyond the control of the risk bearer, such as exposure to emissions from a nearby factory; and • potentially catastrophic (nuclear energy) and noncatastrophic (radon gas, food contamination, asbestos) risks.
Climate Change: A Very Short Introduction (3rd Edition) by Mark Maslin