By Prof. Arie S. Issar, Dr. Mattanyah Zohar (auth.)

ISBN-10: 3540698515

ISBN-13: 9783540698517

ISBN-10: 3540698523

ISBN-13: 9783540698524

When the ?rst version of this e-book used to be released in 2004, the subsequent 12 months 2005 has occurred to were the warmest 12 months due to the fact 1880, while the ?rst trustworthy around the globe instrumental files got here into existance. Claiming no li- age among the e-book of our publication and the temperature checklist, but this list demonstrates the rage of raise within the worldwide floor temperatures in the course of thepast20years,reinforcedbyevidenceofriseofatmosphere’sand oceans’ temperatures, and elevated melting of ice and snow within the arctic and antarctic areas in addition to on mountain tops. most of these observations are par- leled via the rise within the volume of warmth trapping gases within the surroundings, inflicting most likely, the worldwide greenhouse impact. which will attempt to expect, what may be the influence of this impact at the at the usual and human environments of the close to East, (Figs. 1–1d) the authors followed the asserting that the earlier is the foremost for the longer term. the sensible end of this precept says that the buying wisdom of the influence of previous weather adjustments at the nature and human societies, may possibly enable conclusions in regards to destiny attainable impression of weather adjustments. by means of correlating proxy information of every kind, paleo-sea and lake degrees, paleo-hydrology, pollen pro?les, environmental isotopes in addition to archaeological and ancient files, the authors attempted to assemble up to attainable of this knowledge.

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343–362 (2004). A. Rosen, “Climate change, landscape, and shifting agricultural potential during the occupation of Tel Megiddo”. In: Megiddo IV. I. Finkelstein, D. Ussishkin, and B. ) Eisenbrauns. pp. 441–449 (2006). A. Miller Rosen, Civilizing Climate: The Social Impact of Climate Change in the Ancient Near East. AltaMira Press (2006). 16 W. J. B. C. K. ), Yale University Press, New Haven, pp. 37–56 (1971). W. J. Johnsen, N. Reeh, N. B. U. Hammer,“Climatic changes, Norsemen and Modern Man” Nature 255:24–28 (1975).

The massive invasion of sands was a result of the reduction of loess deposition and an increased amount of sand supply brought by the Nile as well as the erosion of the marine fringes delta. The changed global climatic pattern involving a warmer climate had caused the strengthening of monsoon rainstorms over subtropical Africa from which the Nile receives most of its water and sediments. All these observations brought Issar to raise the following question: Is it possible that the invasion of the young sand dunes at the end of the RomanByzantine period, synchronous with the Arab conquest, was primarily due to climate change rather than to human intervention?

Miller Rosen, Civilizing Climate: The Social Impact of Climate Change in the Ancient Near East. AltaMira Press (2006). 16 W. J. B. C. K. ), Yale University Press, New Haven, pp. 37–56 (1971). W. J. Johnsen, N. Reeh, N. B. U. Hammer,“Climatic changes, Norsemen and Modern Man” Nature 255:24–28 (1975). The Pendulum of Paradigms 7 Yet, as Thomas Kuhn has forecasted, albeit all new observations the majority of historians and archaeologists refuse, or in the best case hesitate, to accept a causal relationship between climate change and history.

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Climate Change —: Environment and History of the Near East by Prof. Arie S. Issar, Dr. Mattanyah Zohar (auth.)


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