By Colleen A. Roach

ISBN-10: 0803950624

ISBN-13: 9780803950627

By means of exploring the position of either tradition and the mass media, this quantity fills a niche within the literature on battle and peace. impressive students supply an summary of severe mass media study and open up fullyyt new views at the ongoing debate over communications concerns in warfare and peace. The contributions assemble universal topics together with the military-industrial-communications complicated, cultural imperialism and transnational regulate of communications. a variety of views are lined, similar to gender matters, language learn and bureaucratization.

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Economic problems, social problems, personal problems, even religious attitudes are often treated as cultural by assumption, and solutions are accordingly sought in cultural terms. (UNESCO, 1975, p. 1) More than a century ago, Tylor (1874) offered what is now considered a classic definition of culture: "Culture . . is that complex whole which includes knowledge, beliefs, art, morals, custom and any other capabil­ ities and habits acquired by man as a member of society" (Tylor, 1924, p. 1). Although I would change "man" to "men and women," Tylor's words seem to have stood the test of time: anthropologists now gener­ ally acknowledge that culture is a way of life, ranging from what we eat to how we dress to what we think and how we act.

17). She cites the "Greek celebrations of Elysian fields where former warriors laid weapons aside and walked arm in arm through green meadows discours­ ing on philosophy and declaiming poetry," the Norse warriors "who feasted and shared like brothers on the mythological plains of Ida," and the ancient Hebrew prophecy that "swords shall be beaten into plowshares, and nation shall not lift up sword against nation" (Boulding, 1988, pp. 17-18). Multiculturalism Versus Eurocentrism and Cultural Literacy Although mythology can undoubtedly be harnessed to contribute to peace, a much more significant arena of cultural transmission that touches virtually everyone, is the educational system.

Hackett notes that objectivity is used to justify journalists' aloofness from peace advo­ cates, who are viewed as having an ax to grind. He also states that "objective journalism's respect for 'prevailing social standards of de­ cency and good taste' likely mutes reportage of the brutality of war, and the suffering of victims, helping to turn war into a watchable spectacle rather than an insufferable obsenity" (Hackett, 1989, pp. 10-11, 13; see also, Hackett, 1991). Bagdikian (1987) traces the origins of objectivity back to the 19th century, emphasizing that it was developed when newspapers became a mass medium, subject to the laws of the marketplace.

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Communication and Culture in War and Peace by Colleen A. Roach

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