By H. Askari
This ebook analyzes the origins of conflicts and wars within the Persian Gulf, assesses the typical factor(s) which were their crucial gasoline, determines their fallout for the political, financial, and human improvement of the area, and offers perception into how they're greater contained.
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Extra resources for Conflicts in the Persian Gulf: Origins and Evolution
38 Oman also has a close relationship with the United States dating back some two hundred years, with American merchant ships trading in Omani ports as early as 1790. 39 The two states entered a military cooperation agreement in 1980, which was renewed in 2010. Oman is of strategic importance to the United States, because it is located on a key naval choke point, sharing the Straits of Hormuz with Iran. Roughly 40 percent of the world’s oil exports pass through the Straits of Hormuz. But Oman’s foreign ties are still closely connected with the United Kingdom.
Historically, the Kurds had been the recipients of significant aid from the shah to fight the Sunni regimes of Baghdad. However, Iran never directly involved itself in Kurdish rebellions outside Iraq. Thus, the Kurds have been used as an instrument by the region’s governments to serve their own regional and national interests. Iranian support for the Kurds in their uprisings against the Ba’ath leadership in Iraq was a major source of tension between Iran and Iraq, and played a key role in the run-up to the Iran-Iraq War.
All of this fuels resentment and dissent. Foreign-Generated Conflicts Diplomatic and military support from the United States has allowed the Al-Sauds to continue ruling the country as oppressive autocrats. As long as this backing remains, the Al-Sauds will have no incentive to change and reform. This can only lead to increasing resentment and turmoil. If the United States were to hold the Al-Sauds accountable for their actions and condition its support on radical political, social, CATALOGUE OF CONF L ICT S 21 and economic reform, the situation in Saudi Arabia could in time be vastly different.
Conflicts in the Persian Gulf: Origins and Evolution by H. Askari