By N. Schmidt-Kittler, K. Vogel (auth.), Prof. Dr. Norbert Schmidt-Kittler, Prof. Dr. Klaus Vogel (eds.)

ISBN-10: 3642761569

ISBN-13: 9783642761560

ISBN-10: 3642761585

ISBN-13: 9783642761584

Constructional morphology explains beneficial properties of organisms from a constructional and sensible perspective. through actual research it explains the operational elements of natural constructions - how they could practice the actions organisms are anticipated to fulfil with a view to continue to exist of their setting. Constructional morphology additionally explains thoughts and constraints in the course of the evolution decided through inner constructional wishes, ontogenetic calls for, inherited organizational preconditions and environmental clues.

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Rasch & Rohring, Hamburg Ziirich Oettingen A von (1890) U nterredungen und mathematische Demonstration iiber zwei neue Wissenszweige, die Mechanik und die Fallgesetze betreffend. Ostwald's Klassiker der exakten Wissenschaft, 11. Engelmann, Leipzig 40 W. Nachtigall: Functional Aspects of Morphology Osche G (1978) Das Homologisieren als eine grundlegende Methode der Phylogenetik. Aufs Reden Senckenb Naturforsch Ges 24:155 -175 Peters DS, Gutmann WF (1973) Modellvorstellungen als Hauptelement phylogenetischer Methodik.

46 "Die Vorfahren der Wirbeltiere miissen ... gestreckte Wurmkonstruktionen, hydraulische Apparate gewesen sein. Dieser Riickschlul3 beruht auf konstruktiven Zwangen des Bewegungsapparats .. :' (Bonik und Gutmann 1978). 47 "In unserem gemeinsamen Grundmodell zur Stammesgeschichte der tierischen Konstruktionen (Bonik, Grasshoff und Gutmann 1976a, b) haben wir gezeigt, dal3 die Vorfahren der heutigen Metazoen nur gallertgestiitzte Vielzeller mit gitterartiger Muskelverspannung gewesen sein konnten" (Bonik 1978).

C) Mutations of all sorts from point mutations to duplications of the entire set of chromosomes providing new genetic material for the population and the species. (d) Genetic drift, which is modification in gene frequencies of the population as a result of stochastic events acting in small populations during gamete and zygote formation. Many evolutionists regard genetic drift and other chance-based events during reproduction to be a distinct evolutionary cause, but these are best considered under the general heading of causes producing individual genetic variation.

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Constructional Morphology and Evolution by N. Schmidt-Kittler, K. Vogel (auth.), Prof. Dr. Norbert Schmidt-Kittler, Prof. Dr. Klaus Vogel (eds.)

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