By Brian D. McKnight
In the course of the 4 years of the Civil conflict, the border among japanese Kentucky and southwestern Virginia used to be hugely contested territory, alternately occupied through either the Confederacy and the Union. even though this territory used to be carefully populated, the geography of the quarter made it a fascinating stronghold for destiny tactical maneuvers. because the battle advanced, the Cumberland hole speedy grew to become the objective of invasion and career efforts of either armies, making a chaos that will pressure not just the warriors yet all those that referred to as the world their home.
Contested Borderland examines the good points of the region's geography and the effect of the assaults on borderlands stuck within the crossfire of the Union and accomplice forces. The land surrounding the Kentucky-Virginia border contained useful average assets and geographic beneficial properties thought of necessary to every one army's development and proliferation. whereas the Appalachian Mountains barred commute via huge elements of the sector, the gaps allowed fast passages via differently tricky terrain and hence turned hotly contested parts. Brian D. McKnight explores the tensions among the accomplishment of army objectives and the upkeep of civilian existence within the region.
With Kentucky final unswerving to the Union and Virginia seceding to the Confederacy, populations dwelling among the 2 states confronted strain to claim loyalty to 1 aspect. Roadside cities chanced on themselves the widespread hosts of squaddies from either side, whereas extra distant groups turned shelters for these wishing to stay uninvolved within the clash. rather than committing themselves to both reason, lots of individuals claimed a impartial stance or feigned commitment to whichever aspect occurred to occupy their land.
The twin career of the Union and accomplice armies consequentially divided the borderland inhabitants, growing hostilities in the quarter that may persist lengthy after the war's end. Contested Borderland is the 1st Civil warfare examine completely dedicated to the border isolating japanese Kentucky and southwestern Virginia. McKnight's remarkable geographical research of army strategies and civilian involvement presents a brand new and beneficial size to the tale of a zone dealing with the turmoil of struggle.
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Additional info for Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky and Virginia
One must wonder if personal motives for this theft were not involved. 34 The expedition followed the fight at Barboursville by a little more than a week and proved a resounding success. ” In addition to the bounty captured at the bridge, the stated purpose of the movement also proved successful. They returned without impediment with two hundred barrels of salt. 35 Although Zollicoffer’s raid on the saltworks was successful, he remained doubtful about the support of the mountaineers. During the raid on the works, several of Zollicoffer’s men took time to harass the population.
And commenced to drilling and preparing for the grate strugel of war. —W. H. Wampler of Wise County, Virginia. In the fall of 1861, the people of the Central Appalachian Divide stood ready for the first tests of the national conflict. Like the myriad colors of the leaves that season, the shades of loyalty and opposition were equally varied in depth and diversity. While Kentucky had refused to follow the lead of the lower South states and leave the Union, Confederate sympathizers busily formed an alternative government at Bowling Green.
49% Clay, Ky. 50% Estill, Ky. 87% Floyd, Ky. 61% Harlan, Ky. 88% Johnson, Ky. 77% Knox, Ky. 68% Laurel, Ky. 63% Lee, Va. 67% Letcher, Ky. 47% Owsley, Ky. 60% Perry, Ky. 78% County Pike, Ky. 83% Russell, Va. 24% Scott, Va. 81% Smyth, Va. 04% Tazewell, Va. 66% Washington, Va. 58% Whitley, Ky. S. Bureau of the Census, Seventh Census of the United States, 1850. 18 CONTESTED BORDERLAND Table 2. Total Population and Slave Population of the Central Appalachian Divide, 1860 Total Population Slave Population Percentage Slave Breathitt, Ky.
Contested Borderland: The Civil War in Appalachian Kentucky and Virginia by Brian D. McKnight