By Sumantra Bose

ISBN-10: 0674024478

ISBN-13: 9780674024472

The quest for sturdy peace in lands torn by way of ethno-national clash is one of the so much pressing problems with overseas politics. having a look heavily at 5 flashpoints of nearby problem, Sumantra Bose asks the query upon which our international destiny may possibly rely: how can peace be made, and saved, among warring teams with likely incompatible claims? worldwide in scope and implications yet neighborhood in concentration and technique, Contested Lands seriously examines the new or present peace strategies in Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka for a solution. Israelis and Palestinians, Turkish and Greek Cypriots, Bosnia's Muslims, Serbs, and Croats, Sinhalese and Tamil Sri Lankans, and pro-independence, pro-Pakistan, and pro-India Kashmiris percentage homelands scarred via clashing aspirations and conflict. Bose explains why those lands turned zones of zero-sum clash and boldly tackles the query of ways sturdy peace might be accomplished. The situations yield vital basic insights in regards to the merits of territorial self-rule, cross-border linkages, nearby cooperation, and third-party involvement, and the hazards of a intentionally slow ("incremental") technique of peace-building. wealthy in narrative and incisive in research, this publication takes us deep into the heartlands of conflict--Jerusalem, Kashmir's Line of keep an eye on, the divided towns of Mostar in Bosnia and Nicosia in Cyprus, Sri Lanka's Jaffna peninsula. Contested Lands illuminates how power war of words can yield to compromise and coexistence within the world's such a lot stricken regions--and what the us can do to assist. (20071208)

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Extra resources for Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka

Sample text

Its core support base is limited to a single-digit proportion of the electorate, but it is a crucial “swing” factor in Sinhalese politics between the UNP and SLFP, who have roughly equal levels of support. The JVP’s rhetoric touches a chord with a substantial cross section of the Sinhalese people, who have been deeply socialized in the majoritarian-su- 48 Contested Lands premacist worldview and who feel, at the very least, discomfited by a process that acknowledges the Tamil minority as equals and the Tigers as a legitimate political movement.

This was largely because during this phase of the fighting the Tigers expanded in numerical strength and developed the ability to carry out operations of a semiconventional nature. In the summer of 1991, for example, a failed Tiger offensive against a key government military garrison at Elephant Pass, which connects the Jaffna Peninsula to the mainland across a saltwater lagoon, cost the lives of 564 LTTE fighters—including numerous young women and children—while in November 1993 the Tigers successfully knocked out a nearby garrison, killing over one thousand government soldiers.

By the time of the 1977 general election, the divide between Tamils and Sinhalese had become critical, and radical ideas of national liberation through armed struggle were beginning to take root among Tamil youth. 18 Prior to this, Tamil autonomists had always insisted on their commitment to the unity of Sri Lanka. The belligerent posture was partly a bombastic venting of discontent and partly a ploy to strengthen the TULF’s bargaining position with the incoming central government. It worked well with the Tamil electorate.

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Contested Lands: Israel-Palestine, Kashmir, Bosnia, Cyprus, and Sri Lanka by Sumantra Bose


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