By H. Stephan
Along different elements, cultural values and identities aid to provide an explanation for assorted regulatory frameworks for genetically transformed organisms. This booklet makes use of insights from environmental heritage and sociology to light up the cultural politics of law within the US and the european, with specific recognition to public opinion and anti-GMO activism.
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Extra info for Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs
The important difference from the later Directive 90/220 was that a simple notiﬁcation procedure (without labelling) was intended to cover those foods that were derived from GMOs but did not contain them in the ﬁnal product. The Novel Foods Regulation drew on the notion of substantial equivalence of ‘existing foods or food ingredients as regards their composition, nutritional value, metabolism, intended use and the level of undesirable substances contained therein’ (Article 3). It thus moved the European framework closer to the core assumptions of US agbiotech regulation.
The EU responded to the WTO’s verdict by arguing that the dispute did not address its updated regulatory framework for agbiotech and insisted that there were no grounds for rethinking its current approach. While the US continues to criticise the EU’s regulations, the Union has managed to settle the issue with co-complainants Canada (July 2009) and Argentina (March 2010) by promising to increase the level of consultations and to hold bi-annual meetings among competent authorities. Although the EU has thus acted as an effective defender of its member states’ interests on the international stage, its long-term strategy for agbiotech is decidedly more enabling.
The outcome of the request was a stinging rebuff to the Commission, with a huge majority of 22 ministers in the Environment Council voting against its proposal. Although the WTO dispute clearly overshadowed the regulatory debate during these years, the eventual ruling in the autumn of 2006 did not have a tangible effect (see Introduction). The EU responded to the WTO’s verdict by arguing that the dispute did not address its updated regulatory framework for agbiotech and insisted that there were no grounds for rethinking its current approach.
Cultural Politics and the Transatlantic Divide over GMOs by H. Stephan