By Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann
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Extra info for Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict?
I deliberately did not visit more than Tororo district because I had previously ruled out the option of narrowing the research down to a few selected districts in Uganda . Instead, I aimed to carry out a countrywide study, enabling me to draw generalised conclusions. The decision to go to Tororo was taken on merely practical grounds, as I had previously established contact with representatives of the German Development Service. In principle, I could have visited any other of the then fifty-six Ugandan districts.
10 The British district commissioners reigned over the districts of the country through native authorities, who were typically traditional chiefs. They acted as mediators between the commissioners and the indigenous population, exercising direct administrative control over the people while remaining subject to the advice and overrule of the colonial authorities. When the country achieved independence in 1962, the native authorities were abolished. The new district commissioners, who were invariably Ugandans, were representatives of the central government at the district level.
Conﬂict between politicians and civil servants A second constraint on the implementation of decentralisation is the fact that the relationship between the political and administrative wings of local governments has not been without differences. , 2004). This can principally be attributed to confusion about the respective roles and functions of councillors and administrators, aggravated by a shortage of educated and experienced manpower. Local politicians as well as civil servants are often inadequately trained for their responsibilities, which is not surprising given the relatively low level of education in Uganda .
Decentralisation in Africa: A Pathway out of Poverty and Conflict? by Gordan Crawford, Christof Hartmann