By Carl L. Becker

The assertion of Independence

Carl L. Becker's very important learn is an research of the recommendations expressed within the statement. here's a lucid clarification of what the assertion quite is, what perspectives it units forth, the place these perspectives arose, and the way they've been authorised or changed through succeeding generations. A publication that each American should still learn.

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The epidemic was particularly deadly among the close living quarters of the Missouri Indians. Native medicine aggravated the problem. Indians treated a fever with a steam bath (each village had a permanent sweat lodge) and a plunge into a nearby stream. This was exactly the wrong thing to do with a body weakened by small pox, and it usually brought a quick death to the stricken patient. The Mandans, Hidatsas, and Arikaras lost an estimated two-thirds of their population in the epidemic. Under pressure from the Dakotas, the Arikaras abandoned their fortified cities and gathered in huddled settlements next to the Mandans and Hidatsas.

On the northern edge of this Missouri River–Red River complex European explorers would encounter roving bands of Cree and Assiniboine hunters, whose home villages lay in present-day Canada. To the west were the buffalo-hunting Crows, whose homes were in the valleys of the Powder and Big Horn Rivers of present-day Wyoming. And to the south lay the numerous and powerful Pawnee and Kiowa tribes of present-day Nebraska and Kansas. 18 lords of the northern plains Map 3. Location of Indian tribes of the northern plains, ca.

Anthony. By that date also the Oglalas and Brules had begun a trade with the Arikaras, whose own hunters ranged as far west as the Black Hills. The relationship was at first friendly but soon turned deadly as a result of dramatic changes in the lives of the Plains Indians. The disruption was a by-product of Spanish settlement of the Gulf Coast and Mexico, a cultural intrusion that brought two new elements to life on the plains — the horse and a deadly small pox contagion. 30 lords of the northern plains Map 4.

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Declaration of Independence: A Study in the History of Political Ideas by Carl L. Becker


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