By Scott Mainwaring, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

ISBN-10: 0521152240

ISBN-13: 9780521152242

This e-book offers a brand new thought for why political regimes emerge, and why they for that reason continue to exist or holiday down. It then analyzes the emergence, survival, and fall of democracies and dictatorships in Latin the US in view that 1900. Scott Mainwaring and Aníbal Pérez-Liñán argue for a theoretical technique positioned among long term structural and cultural motives and momentary reasons that examine the selections of particular leaders. They concentrate on the political personal tastes of robust actors - the measure to which they include democracy as an intrinsically fascinating finish and their coverage radicalism - to provide an explanation for regime results. additionally they reveal that transnational forces and affects are the most important to appreciate local waves of democratization. in accordance with huge learn into the political histories of all twenty Latin American nations, this ebook deals the 1st prolonged research of regime emergence, survival, and failure for all of Latin the USA over an extended interval of time.

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Additional resources for Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall

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Just as Finlayson had used a physical deformity—goiter—to describe the facial features of the Siamese, some people argued that the twins’ deformity was more common in Asia. In 1830, the Edinburgh Journal of Science reported that, “especially in the East, . . ” To support this claim, the journal referred to a pair of twins joined at the chest that a British colonial official had encountered in India in 1807. 41 Illustrations of the twins also highlighted their exoticness, Chineseness, or otherness, by featuring long hair braided into wreaths around their heads, loose-fitting costumes made to resemble the clothes worn in their native land, and facial features intended to evoke images of the Chinese but, across the various pictures, displaying such a variety of looks that clearly they were based on the artists’ imagination and not the originals.

Scholars could analyze the answers to see whether these two men, whose upbringing and experiences had been virtually identical, exhibited stark differences in mental powers. Similarly, hoping to strike a blow against phrenologists, he suggested that further experiments might reveal significant differences in character and personality despite relatively identical features of the head. In essence, Tucker hoped to show that nature played a greater role than nurture in determining a person’s inner world but that these natural characteristics were not restricted to specific racial or national groups.

44 What actually was inside the band, however, was a matter of great debate for medical professionals. Just as early observers used their understandings of the Chinese and the Siamese and the European to name the characteristics they believed the twins ought and ought not to possess, doctors used their experience with normal and abnormal anatomies to postulate what the structure of the band contained. Breastbone appeared to give way to ensiform cartilage along the top of the band, similar to a rib.

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Democracies and Dictatorships in Latin America: Emergence, Survival, and Fall by Scott Mainwaring, Aníbal Pérez-Liñán

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