By Dominic Rudman
Qoheleth's determinism, its courting to loose will and its philosophical heritage proof its authorship by way of a third-century sage prompted through Stoic rules. Is the writer of Ecclesisastes a determinist? Many readers, from the Targumist and lbn Ezra as much as the current day, have notion so. yet there was no systematic research of Qoheleth's determinism, its nature and quantity, its courting to unfastened will and its philosophical history. In separate chapters, Rudman discusses key phrases and texts that categorical a deterministic worldview, then explores the resources for Qoheleth's idea. He concludes that the writer used to be a sage writing within the 3rd region of the 3rd century BCE, who was once profoundly encouraged by means of Stoic principles.
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Additional info for Determinism in the Book of Ecclesiastes (JSOT Supplement)
Although the omission of this conjunction may appear a minor difference, it is one which has considerable significance for the interpretation of this passage. 17) and will obey the king's orders, biding his time in the sure knowledge that his master will be punished. 17, it also retains the idea of HI? as a time appointed by God for a purpose. Alternatively, the LXX may, like the Vulgate, be understanding CDSO2 as 'proper procedure', in which case we might translate, 'the wise man's mind knows the time for appropriate action'.
27, 31, the appointed times for Jewish festivals are described. |*SH in the sense of 'business', 'matter', 'thing', may also be a late usage, occurring three times outside Ecclesiastes (Isa. 3, 13; Prov. 13) and three times in Ecclesiastes (Eccl. 6). In Isa. 3 the context is of furthering one's affairs by fasting, in Isa. 13 it is used of business that breaks the sabbath, and in Prov. 13 of the business that the diligent wife pursues. 1 suggests that ]ET ^D1? and ysn ^D^ ]*i7 are parallel in meaning.
78. F. Delitzsch, Ecclesiastes (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1982); Renan, L 'Ecclesiaste, pp. 62-63; McNeile, An Introduction to Ecclesiastes, pp. 43-44. 79. A. Barton, partially quoting McNeile, Ecclesiastes, p. 34. 81 He attempts to resolve the discrepancies between Qoheleth's thought and that of the early Stoic leaders by arguing that Qoheleth accepts some Stoic ideas and argues against others. 82 Although the consensus remains that Qoheleth was active in the third quarter of the third century BCE, the idea of Stoic influence on the book of Ecclesiastes has gained no firm acceptance.
Determinism in the Book of Ecclesiastes (JSOT Supplement) by Dominic Rudman