By Bernard M. Levinson
Situated on the boundary of conventional bible study, criminal background, and literary conception, Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of criminal Innovation indicates how the laws of Deuteronomy displays the fight of its authors to resume overdue 7th- century Judean society. trying to safeguard their innovative imaginative and prescient throughout the neo-Assyrian difficulty, the reformers became to prior legislation, even if they disagreed with them, and revised them in this type of approach as to lend authority to their new figuring out of God's will. Passages that different students have lengthy seen as redundant, contradictory, or displaced really replicate the try via Deuteronomy's authors to sanction their new spiritual goals earlier than the legacy of the past.
Drawing on historic close to japanese legislations and trained through the wealthy insights of classical and medieval Jewish observation, Levinson offers a longer research of 3 key passages within the felony corpus: the unheard of requirement for the centralization of worship, the legislation remodeling the previous Passover right into a pilgrimage competition, and the unit exchanging conventional village justice with a professionalized judiciary. He demonstrates the profound influence of centralization upon the constitution and association of the felony corpus, whereas delivering a theoretical research of non secular switch and cultural renewal in historic Israel. The book's end exhibits how the thoughts of authorship built in Deuteronomy supplied a version for later Israelite and submit- biblical literature.
Integrating the newest ecu examine at the redaction of Deuteronomy with present American and Israeli scholarship, Levinson argues that biblical interpretation needs to attend to either the diachronic and the synchronic dimensions of the textual content. His examine, which gives a brand new standpoint on intertextuality, the historical past of authorship, and strategies of criminal innovation within the historic global, will interact pentateuchal critics and historians of Israelite faith, whereas attaining out towards present matters in literary concept and important criminal experiences.
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Additional info for Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation
Here arises the second point. 43 40. See Francesca Rochberg-Halton, "Canonicity in Cuneiform Texts," JCS 36 (1984) 127-44; and Stephen J. Lieberman, "Canonical and Official Cuneiform Texts: Towards an Understanding of Assurbanipal's Personal Tablet Collection," in Lingering over Words: Studies in Ancient Near Eastern Literature in Honor of William J. Moran (ed. Tzvi Abusch, John Huehnergard, and Piotr Steinkeller; HSM 37; Atlanta: Scholars Press, 1990) 305-36. 41. See Raymond Westbrook, Studies in Biblical and Cuneiform Law (CahRB 26; Paris: J.
For a full discussion and bibliography of this device, also called the Wiederaufnahme, see Levinson, Hermeneutics of Innovation, 142-50. 51. The principle is named after its discoverer: M. Seidel, "Parallels between Isaiah and Psalms," Sinai 38 (1955-56) 149-72, 229-40, 272-80, 335-55, at p. 150; reprinted, Seidel, Hiqrei Miqra (Jerusalem: Rav Kook Institute, 1978) 1-97 (Hebrew). Seidel's claims are often imprecise or doubtful because they are insufficiently controlled by criteria for establishing the direction of dependency.
On the literary and redactional history of the altar law and establishing its essentially pre-Deuteronomic status are Eckart Otto, Wandel der Rechtsbegrundungen in der Gesellschaftsgeschichte des antiken Israels: Eine Rechtsgeschichte des "Bundesbuches " Ex XX 22-XXIII 13 (StudBib 3; Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1988) 54-56; and Ludger SchwienhorstSchonberger, Das Bundesbuch (Ex 20,22—23,33): Studien zu seiner Entstehung und Theologie (BZAW 188; Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1990) 287-99. 32 Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation ation Exod 20:24 An earthen altar shall you make for me, and you shall sacrifice upon it your burnt offerings and your whole offerings, your sheep and your cattle; In every place that I proclaim my name I shall come to you and bless you.
Deuteronomy and the Hermeneutics of Legal Innovation by Bernard M. Levinson