By Shaun Bowler, Amihai Glazer

ISBN-10: 0230604455

ISBN-13: 9780230604452

This publication systematically examines the impression of direct democracy on consultant democracy.

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Counties with dense populations of evangelical Protestants are expected to have stronger support for the measures in the two states. Evangelicals tend to view same-sex ballot measures, which restrict the rights of gays, as a tactic to battle against a way of life they perceive as threatening to their own social and cultural values (Button, Rienzo, and Wald 1997; Wald, Owen, and Hill 1990). There is also evidence at the aggregate level that communities with higher percentages of evangelicals have a great likelihood of adopting ordinances limiting the rights of gays and lesbians (Button, Rienzo, and Wald 1997, 80–82).

The Plan of the Book Our analyses were developed through a series of planning meetings and conferences hosted by the Center for the Study of Democracy at the University of California, Irvine, and by the Initiative and Referendum Institute at the University of Southern California. S. states. The experiences of California and Oregon, for example, with extensive use of initiatives and referendums, should provide a natural contrast to states such as Mississippi and Illinois, which have the process but rarely—if ever—use it.

To improve our understanding of the mechanisms at work, we directly model through two-stage causal models both the supply of information (exposure to ballot propositions) and the demand side of the equation (citizen interest in politics) as factors that predict voter turnout using survey data. The argument builds on Campbell’s (1966) surge-and-decline theory of voter turnout in American elections. Campbell argues that a group of “core voters” consistently vote in each election. During high-stimulus elections these core voters are joined by an additional set of “peripheral” voters with lower political interest.

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Direct Democracy's Impact on American Political Institutions by Shaun Bowler, Amihai Glazer


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