By W. Craig Gaines
On the night of February 2, 1864, accomplice Commander John Taylor wooden led 250 sailors in launches and twelve boats to trap the USS Underwriter, a side-wheel steam gunboat anchored at the Neuse River close to New Bern, North Carolina. through the resulting fifteen-minute conflict, 9 Union crewmen misplaced their lives, twenty have been wounded, and twenty-six fell into enemy arms. Six Confederates have been captured and several other wounded as they stripped the vessel, set it ablaze, and blew it up whereas less than hearth from Union-held citadel Anderson. The exciting tale of USS Underwriter is one of the regarding the various shipwrecks that occupy the waters of Civil conflict background. decades within the making, W. Craig Gaines's Encyclopedia of Civil battle Shipwrecks is the definitive account of greater than 2,000 of those American Civil War--period sunken ships. From Alabama's USS Althea, a Union steam tug misplaced whereas removal a accomplice torpedo within the Blakely River, to Wisconsin's Berlin urban, a Union side-wheel steamer stranded in Oshkosh, Gaines offers specific information regarding each one vessel, together with its ultimate place, variety, dimensions, tonnage, team measurement, armament, beginning, registry (Union, accomplice, usa, or different country), casualties, conditions of loss, salvage operations, and the resources of his findings. prepared alphabetically through geographical position (state, kingdom, or physique of water), the e-book additionally encompasses a variety of maps offering the approximate destinations of some of the wrecks -- starting from the Americas to Europe, the Arctic Ocean, and the Indian Ocean. additionally famous are greater than 40 shipwrecks whose destinations are in query.
Since the Nineteen Sixties, the underwater entry afforded by means of SCUBA apparatus has allowed divers, historians, treasure hunters, and archaeologists to find and discover the various American Civil War-related shipwrecks. In a notable feat of historic detective paintings, Gaines scoured numerous assets -- from executive and professional files to activities diver and treasure-hunting magazines -- and cross-indexes his compilation by way of each one vessel's a variety of names and nicknames all through its career.
An crucial reference paintings for Civil battle students and buffs, archaeologists, divers, and aficionados of naval heritage, Encyclopedia of Civil conflict Shipwrecks revives and preserves for posterity the little-known tales of those fascinating historic artifacts.
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Additional resources for Encyclopedia of Civil War shipwrecks
Y. , and New York City. ) Red Gauntlet. Union. Clipper ship. Cargo of ice, coal, musical instruments, and other goods. Out of Boston. En route to Hong Kong. Was captured and sunk by the CSS Florida on June 14, 1863, after the coal was removed. S. ) Ripple. Union. Fishing schooner, 64 tons. ) Robert Gilfillan. Union. Schooner. Cargo of provisions. En route from Philadelphia to Haiti. Was captured and burned by the CSS Nashville on February 26, 1862. ) Rockingham. Union. Ship, 979 tons. Cargo of guano from the Chincha Islands.
Bark, 483 tons. En route from Boston to Shanghai, China. S. counsel to Foochow (Fuzhou). Was captured and burned off Brazil by the CSS Alabama on May 3, 1863, at latitude 9° 40' south, longitude 32° 30' west. ) California California was vital to the Union effort in the Civil War as it supplied gold to help fuel the Union economy. Although California was relatively removed from the Civil War battles, pro-Confederate sentiment was strong in some areas of the state. Wrecks along the California coast and inland rivers resulted from fires, storms, boiler explosions, and groundings.
Nationality unknown. Bark. Hit rocks at Trinidad on February 4 (or March 2), 1861. The steam tug Mary Ann recovered the Acadia’s anchor while looking for the wreck of the Brother Jonathan in 1865. ) Ada Hancock (Milton Willis). Union. Twin screw steamer, 83 tons. Length 65 feet. Built in 1858 or 1859 at San Francisco. While ferrying sixty passengers and $45,000 to the waiting San Francisco–bound steamer Senator, the Ada Hancock’s boiler exploded, and it sank on April 27, 1863, in Wilmington Harbor at San Pedro, about 1,000 yards from shore.
Encyclopedia of Civil War shipwrecks by W. Craig Gaines