By Roy May, Oliver Furley
Post-colonial Africa has probably been in an intractible country of clash and conflict for a substantial time period. This quantity explores the method wherein those wars have been ended, the teachings learnt, and examines the sustainability of lately reconciled conflicts to work out how some distance peace suggestions are everlasting during this zone. "Ending Africa's Wars" is a crucial and well timed e-book for all these attracted to clash, democracy, foreign businesses, civil society, refugees, gender and the commercial reconstruction of Africa.
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Extra info for Ending Africa's Wars: Progressing to Peace
Violent conflict occurs as a direct result of elite survival strategies; the manipulation of identity in electoral politics or the over-use of coercion against Africa’s Wars 23 recalcitrant strongmen for example, can become self-perpetuating cycles of disorder and low intensity war. 43 Maintaining state integration, as well as elite hegemony, requires the construction and maintenance of clientelistic political systems. 44 Political violence occurs as a result of severe interruptions to resource flows and the subsequent breakdown of the redistributive state; such disruptions can be the result of external economic shocks, debt burdens or pressures from international lenders to curb expenditure.
Uganda and South Africa), can promote fundamental rights, accountability, fair representation, checks on the abuse of power and thus stability. What is required, of course, is more than a new text, but a new social contract (Uyangoda, 2003). Under-girding any new constitution there needs to be a fresh agreement by all parties of the moral and ideological bases of the state. Indeed, foundational underpinning may need to incorporate ‘reenvisioning’ the state as a commonwealth for all communities.
In its view, how governments were chosen was less important than how they acted in office. The root of the developing world’s problem was: ‘arbitrary policy making, unaccountable bureaucracies, unenforced or unjust legal systems, the abuse of executive power, a civil society unengaged in public life, and widespread corruption’ (World Bank, 1993). In this environment, the post-settlement goal was to establish: ‘governance that is effective, participatory, transparent, accountable and equitable, and that promotes the rule of law’ (UNDP, 1999).
Ending Africa's Wars: Progressing to Peace by Roy May, Oliver Furley