By Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson
Enlightened warfare investigates the a number of and complicated interactions among war and Enlightenment idea. even though the Enlightenment is commonly pointed out with the beliefs of development, everlasting peace, cause, and self-determination, Enlightenment discourse opened up in the course of a interval of lengthy ecu battle from the Seven Years' warfare to the Napoleonic conquest of Europe. The essays during this quantity discover the palpable effect of struggle on eighteenth-century inspiration and argue for an ideological affinity between warfare, Enlightenment notion, and its legacy. The essays are interdisciplinary, enticing with historical past, paintings historical past, philosophy, army idea, gender reviews, and literature and with old occasions and cultural contexts from the early Enlightenment via German Classicism and Romanticism. the quantity enriches our realizing of conflict within the eighteenth century and exhibits how theories and practices of struggle impacted strategies of subjectivity, nationwide identification, gender, and artwork. It additionally sheds gentle at the modern dialogue of the legitimacy of violence by way of juxtaposing theories of battle, ideas of revolution, and human rights discourses. members: Johannes Birgfeld, David Colclasure, Sara Eigen Figal, Ute Frevert, Wolf Kittler, Elisabeth Krimmer, Waltraud Maierhofer, Arndt Niebisch, Felix Saure, Galili Shahar, Patricia Anne Simpson, Inge Stephan
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Extra resources for Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz
Tacitly acknowledging that this defied hopes for a lasting peace, he wrote: “Prussians are under the necessity of thinking about war because they have a restless and turbulent neighbor” (49). He also noted that other peoples’ cycles of war and peace affect one’s own readiness to respond to all conditions, and thus constant study during peacetime is necessary: “It is particularly dangerous for a prince to allow the people to languish in a state of inactivity and to grow soft and effeminate at a time when the fatigues of war harden and discipline their neighbors” (71).
These debates about warfare, the enemy, and the justifications for peace projects and hostility benefit from a careful examination of the rhetoric of warfare and hence a better understanding of military enlightenment and philosophical discourse. 22 SARA EIGEN FIGAL Perpetual War In his Examen de l’essai sur les préjugés (Examination of the Essay on Prejudices, 1770), Frederick II of Prussia scathingly dismissed the optimistic pacifism characteristic of the French philosophes whom he otherwise admired.
16 Ludwig Heinrich Jacob, “Über Theorie und Praxis in Kants Schrift ‘Zum ewigen Frieden,’” in Ewiger Friede? Dokumente einer deutschen Diskussion um 1800, ed. Anita and Walter Dietze (Leipzig: Kiepenheuer, 1989), 209–10. 18 ELISABETH KRIMMER AND PATRICIA ANNE SIMPSON 17 Wilhelm von Humboldt, “Ideen zu einem Versuch, die Grenzen der Wirksamkeit des Staats zu bestimmen,” in Schriften zur Anthropologie und Geschichte, ed. Andreas Flitner and Klaus Giel (Darmstadt: WBG, 1960), 98. 18 G. W. F. Hegel, Grundlinien der Philosophie des Rechts oder Naturrecht und Staatswissenschaft im Grundrisse, vol.
Enlightened War: German Theories and Cultures of Warfare from Frederick the Great to Clausewitz by Elisabeth Krimmer, Patricia Anne Simpson