By Yong Zhou

ISBN-10: 0080256678

ISBN-13: 9780080256672

Surroundings and improvement in Africa is a two-part e-book that first makes an attempt to weave jointly a suite of forecasts as realistically as attainable and in a definite feel constitutes the scheme of destiny developments within the setting and improvement in Africa. the second one half investigates 3 sorts of "eventualities." state of affairs 1 appears to be like at established progress and environmental misuse. the second one situation relies at the speculation that Africa may have better autonomy in progress or improvement. this example will have enough money larger room for maneuver in which environmental concerns may perhaps locate their position.

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Extra resources for Environment and Development in Africa. UNEP Studies

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It is concerned with duration for precise reasons, and in view of determined objectives. All of these aspects should be stated before the study begins, and full clarifications should be forthcoming: these steps are absolutely necessary if the credibility of the preferred approach is to be fully guaranteed" (44). Chapter Two SCENARIO 1: DEPENDENT GROWTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL MISUSE The first scenario supposes that, for the most part, present tendencies will be pursued and emerging tendencies adopted.

In particular they are changing established patterns through the indexing of the rate of raw materials exported by Africa and the rest of the Third World, an easing of the debt in foreign exchange, a reinforcement of aid to development and greater access for their products to the market of the industrialized countries. There is a chance that a relatively rapid industrialization of an Africa which is less dependent, or whose dependence has evolved, will take place between now and the year 2000. This more general observation can be applied to Africa: "The industrialization of the Third World is a certainty because the countries want it, because they have or will find the resources for it, and because the multinational firms and banks want to use the advantages that they offer" (38).

A greater awareness of cultural features shared by western Africa and the Caribbean, the countries and islands of the Indian Ocean, countries practising Islam (from Mauritania to the Philippines) and 29 This raises the obvious problem of the capacity of certain countries to absorb a massive influx of investments from abroad, whether it be from petroleum producing countries or others. 30 In a joint programme with the Department of Technical Co-operation for Development (United Nations, New York), ENDA has already begun making a modest contribution to this process with sessions in Latin America, Africa and Asia, and training programmes attached to activities carried on locally in one or another of the three continents.

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Environment and Development in Africa. UNEP Studies by Yong Zhou

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