By Melissa L. Jarrell
Jarrell examines print information media assurance of federal consequences assessed opposed to the petroleum refining undefined. whereas there are numerous federal petroleum refining violations, just a constrained quantity obtain media consciousness. This loss of media insurance means that this crime is taken into account less significant regardless of the damage to the surroundings and human wellbeing and fitness produced by way of petroleum refining violations. loss of awareness by means of the inside track media could lead to public false impression and lack of knowledge of the explanations and effects of environmental crime. Jarrell means that criminologists develop into extra concerned about public discourse through the mainstream mass media. furthermore, criminologists may still recreation to aid neighborhood groups in activist efforts.
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Additional resources for Environmental Crime and the Media: News Coverage of Petroleum Refining Industry Violations (Criminal Justice)
Crime has never been abolished but the federal government has succeeded in expanding its capacity to police the nation through the identification of public enemies and the creation of new crimes (Potter, 1998). In recent years, the media has focused its attention on a handful of corporate scandals, namely Enron and Martha Stewart. While the media can be credited with providing the public with information regarding such incidents, there has been a limited amount of critical dialogue concerning these types of corporate crimes.
Oil and natural gas are our biggest source of energy in the United States (65%) (American Petroleum Institute, 2004). Our nation uses two times more petroleum than natural gas or coal and four times more than nuclear power or renewable energy (Department of Energy, 2004). Oil is a valuable commodity and few individuals realize just how many products come from oil including gasoline, heating oil, plastics, diesel fuel, jet fuel, rubber, nylon, kerosene, tires, asphalt and even crayons. Chapter Four describes the current status of the petroleum refining industry; emphasizes the environmental and human health hazards associated with the industry; discusses the industry’s environmental compliance history; and presents the literature related to petroleum refining industry violations.
PIRG, 1999). Environmental Compliance According to the EPA (1995a), the petroleum refining industry has a larger proportion of facilities in violation and with enforcement actions than any other industrial sector. The EPA’s Petroleum Refining Compliance History analysis, which reviewed industry enforcement and compliance from August 1990 to August 1995, also found the following: The Petroleum Refining Industry 45 • Almost all facilities were inspected from 1990-1995 and on average, every three months.
Environmental Crime and the Media: News Coverage of Petroleum Refining Industry Violations (Criminal Justice) by Melissa L. Jarrell