By Ignacio M. Pelayo

ISBN-10: 146148698X

ISBN-13: 9781461486985

ISBN-10: 1461486998

ISBN-13: 9781461486992

Geodesic Convexity in Graphs is dedicated to the examine of the geodesic convexity on finite, uncomplicated, hooked up graphs. the 1st bankruptcy contains the most definitions and effects on graph idea, metric graph concept and graph course convexities. the next chapters concentration completely at the geodesic convexity, together with motivation and heritage, particular definitions, dialogue and examples, effects, proofs, routines and open difficulties. the most and such a lot studied parameters regarding geodesic convexity in graphs are either the geodetic and the hull quantity that are outlined because the cardinality of minimal geodetic and hull set, respectively. this article experiences a variety of effects, bought over the last one and a part decade, pertaining to those invariants and a few others akin to convexity quantity, Steiner quantity, geodetic generation quantity, Helly quantity, and Caratheodory quantity to a variety a contexts, together with items, boundary-type vertex units, and excellent graph households. This monograph can function a complement to a half-semester graduate direction in geodesic convexity yet is basically a advisor for postgraduates and researchers drawn to subject matters concerning metric graph idea and graph convexity concept.

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**Example text**

Take integers a, b ≥ 2. We distinguish cases. Case 1: c = a + b. Consider the graph G1 shown in Fig. 17. Check that {x, y, y2 , . . , y3s−1 } and {y3s , x1 , . . , xr } are a minimum dominating set and a minimum geodetic set of G, respectively. Notice also that the union of these two sets produces a minimum geodetic dominating set. Hence, taking r = b − 1 and s = a − 2, we obtain the desired values. Case 2: a = b = c. Consider the graph G2 ∼ = Ka K1 shown in Fig. 17. Check that {yi }a i = 1 is a minimum geodetic dominating set.

Xs } is both a minimum geodetic set and a minimum geodetic dominating set. Hence, taking r = a − 1 and s = b − a + 1, we obtain the desired values. Case 4: b < a = c. Consider the graph G4 shown in Fig. 17. Check that {z1 , . . , zr , x0 , x3 , . . , x3s } is both a minimum dominating set and a minimum geodetic dominating set and that {z1 , . . , zr , x3s } is a minimum geodetic set. Hence, taking r = b − 1 and s = a − b, we obtain the desired values. Case 5: max{a, b} < c < a + b. Consider the graph G5 shown in Fig.

If 3 ≤ k ≤ 4, P4 and P5 . Suppose thus that k ≥ 5. Take two copies G1 and G2 of K2,n−k and a copy G3 of P2k−n−2. Let G be the graph obtained from G1 , G2 , and G3 by identifying the vertices w1 and w2k−n−2 with y1 2k−n−2 and x2 , respectively, where V (Gi ) = {xi , yi } ∪ {zi j }n−k j=1 and V (G3 ) = {wi }i=1 (in Fig. 10a the case n = 14 and k = 10 is shown). Notice (1) G is a K3 -graph of order n, (2) 2k − n − 2 ≥ 0, and (3) if n = k + 1, then G is Pn . We form convex sets of orders 1 through 2k − n − 2 by taking a subpath of appropriate length from G3 .

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