By Deborah Brake

ISBN-10: 0814787126

ISBN-13: 9780814787120

ISBN-10: 0814799655

ISBN-13: 9780814799659

Identify IX, a landmark federal statute enacted in 1972 to ban intercourse discrimination in schooling, has labored its means into American tradition as few different legislation have. it's an iconic legislation, the topic of internet blogs and T-shirt slogans, and is extensively credited with beginning the doorways to the large numbers of women and ladies now partaking in aggressive activities. but few humans absolutely comprehend the law’s specifications, or the level to which it has succeeded in difficult the gender norms that experience circumscribed women’s possibilities as athletes and their position in society extra generally.In this primary felony research of name IX, Deborah L. Brake assesses the statute’s successes and screw ups. whereas the statute has created great profits for woman athletes, not just elevating the visibility and cultural popularity of girls in activities, but in addition developing social bonds for ladies, optimistic physique pictures, and management roles, the disparities in investment among men’s and women’s activities have remained remarkably resilient. while, girl athletes proceed to obtain much less status and aid than their male opposite numbers, which in flip filters into the world activities. Brake offers a richer knowing and appreciation of what name IX has comprehensive, whereas taking a serious examine the locations the place the legislation has fallen brief. a distinct contribution to the literature on identify IX, moving into the sport totally explores the speculation, coverage offerings, successes, and barriers of this ancient legislation.

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Extra info for Getting in the Game: Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution (Critical America (New York University Hardcover))

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Implicit and pervasive heterocentric norms hide the intimacy of the moves when it’s “just the guys” competing, but the involvement of women in the sport heightens awareness of the intimacy of the moves involved in the sport. ”70 This kind of “sex panic” often occurs when women seek to integrate male-dominant settings where physicality is prominent. Women’s integration into the military, for example, has often been resisted on the grounds that the presence of women in close physical quarters introduces a problematic sexuality that is otherwise presumed to be absent.

31 been modified to make them less physically demanding, such as the allowance for “checking” in lacrosse and ice hockey when played by boys but not by girls. Basketball, too, for most of its history has been played by girls under very different rules. 63 Legal challenges to rule differences in girls’ sports have been mostly unsuccessful. 64 The court of appeals reasoned that the same gender differences in athleticism that support separating competition by sex in the first place also justify the development of different rules of the game for men and women.

35 Such an approach would leave many girls and women shut out of varsity sports entirely, relegated to second-tier sports competition. In such a world, there would be too few female athletes competing to shift cultural gender norms. The few women competing at high levels would be perceived as tokens and as exceptional female athletes who are recognized because of their differences from other women, thereby ultimately reinforcing the norm of female athletic inferiority rather than contesting it.

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Getting in the Game: Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution (Critical America (New York University Hardcover)) by Deborah Brake

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