By Hamid Ghodse
This vintage textual content presents a complete, available review of substance misuse and dependence with an emphasis on sensible and evidence-based techniques to the review, administration and prevention of quite a lot of drug-related difficulties, in various scientific and social settings. The booklet contains definitions of phrases, and describes the consequences and medical features of all ingredients of misuse. The theoretical history to those issues is obviously defined. For the fourth version, each bankruptcy has been revised to incorporate the main up to date info, with the newest overseas info at the quantity of the area drug challenge. there's particular emphasis on damage minimization, AIDS and hepatitis C and completely new insurance of tobacco dependancy and its administration. this is often a necessary consultant for all healthcare employees, health and wellbeing coverage experts, counselors and people looking to teach in components concerning habit and substance misuse.
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Additional resources for Ghodse's Drugs and Addictive Behaviour: A Guide to Treatment
Such operational deﬁnitions can usefully include both theoretical and empirical approaches. It is also necessary to know the total population from which such cases are drawn and to deﬁne the time period being studied. If all this information is available it is then possible to establish prevalence rates – either at a particular point in time (point prevalence), or over a deﬁned period (period prevalence). For drug abuse problems, the incidence rate – the rate of occurrence of new problems – may be of particular interest and importance in assessing new trends in drug abuse.
Overall, heroin abuse has declined – due, it is claimed, to the effect of educating people about the harmful consequences of drug abuse. 5% in the USA, despite the drug being easily available in most city areas. However, there has been some increase among young adults in suburban and rural areas. Most heroin originates in Southwest Asia. Opium use in Canada is mostly conﬁned to older members of some ethnic groups. A combination of ‘black tar’ heroin and over-the-counter medication containing diphenhydramine hydrochloride is being sold on the street in the USA as ‘cheese heroin’.
Cannabis and cocaine are abused in small amounts in Cuba, mainly in Havana. There is a growing problem of drugs availability on the streets in the Dominican Republic, with associated increases in drug abuse. 9%. 9% amongst those aged 13–15 years. Cannabis is cultivated in Trinidad and Tobago, where it is the most commonly abused drug. Abuse of MDMA is increasing in Central America and the Caribbean, especially in El Salvador and Guatemala, as well as Jamaica. 1%). 5% for ecstasy among those aged 15–64 years9.
Ghodse's Drugs and Addictive Behaviour: A Guide to Treatment by Hamid Ghodse