By Joan Moore
during this illuminating examine Chicano gangs in East la, Joan W. Moore examines the adjustments and continuities between 3 generations of barrio gangs. As a sequel to the author's award-winning research, Homeboys (Temple, 1979), this booklet returns to a similar neighborhoods to chart the improvement of gang habit, in particular by way of violence and drug use, and to match studies of female and male gang members.
In a amazing learn collaborative attempt, Moore and gang contributors labored jointly to advance an realizing of either female and male gangs and an inner imaginative and prescient of gang participants' lives. by utilizing excerpts from person interviews, the writer depicts extra concerning the gangs than just their existence jointly as a unit; she supplies them a voice. Gang participants talk about their own response to violence, drug utilizing and promoting, kinfolk kinfolk and intra-gang courting; they percentage intimacies that show various degrees of loyalty to and dependency on their affiliations, which regularly turn into a relations substitute.
After protecting local ties for 17 years, Moore's study team has validated a courting with those groups that provides her an extraordinary point of view. it is a interesting and informative booklet for an individual attracted to sociology, criminology, formative years habit and deviance, and ethnic studies.
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Additional info for Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change
In 1968 there were 1,014 manufacturing firms in the area, and by 1972 the number had dropped to 914 and by 1978 to only 761-a 25 percent decline (TELACU, 1978). , 1985). Ironically, one of the complaints of firms leaving the area was that they could not find enough skilled workers in East Los Angeles. 17 Unemployment generally tended to be somewhat higher in these Eastside communities than in the county as a whole. ) Chicanos appear to be more vulnerable to even minor economic downturns (Ong, The Setting 21 1988).
Jokers 1970-? Cyclones Las Cyclonas (girls) 1973-? White Fence Dates *"Originals" *Honeydrippers (girls) 1944-1952 *Monsters *Lil White Fence (girls) 1946-1954 Cherries WF Cherries (girls) 1947-1960 Tinies 1949-1961 Spiders Chonas (girls) 1953-1960 Midgets 1957-1966 Peewees 1960-? Los Termites 1964-1970 LilCherries 1964-? *Monstros *Monstras (girls) 1968-? 1970 *Lil Termites *Lil Termites (girls) 1972-1981 Locos Lil Locas (girls) 1973-1981 LiiSpiders 1974-1981 Winitos 1974-1976 *Indicates cliques chosen for sampling.
The neighborhood" or "the barrio" was the first locus of loyalty: it is no coincidence that both terms refer equally to the gang and to the geographical neighborhood. The clique was the closer friendship group within the barrio. The four cliques active during the late 1940s and early 1950s comprised our sample of earlier cliques. The gangs of this era might be viewed as transitional. Although violent barrio warfare was becoming endemic and costing many injuries and a continuous fire of newspaper publicity, the gangs still had many linkages to conventional groups.
Going Down to the Barrio: Homeboys and Homegirls in Change by Joan Moore