By David P. Hughes, Jacques Brodeur, Frederic Thomas
Parasites that control the behaviour in their hosts signify remarkable examples of model by means of traditional choice. This box of analysis is now relocating past its descriptive part and into extra fascinating parts the place the approaches and styles of such dramatic diversifications may be larger understood. This leading edge textual content offers an up to date, authoritative, and difficult overview of host manipulation by way of parasites that assesses the present kingdom of advancements within the box and lays out a framework for destiny examine. It additionally promotes a better integration of behavioral ecology with experiences of host manipulation (behavioral ecology has tended to pay attention in general on behaviour expressed through unfastened dwelling organisms and is way much less inquisitive about the function of parasites in shaping behaviour). to assist accomplish that, the editors undertake a unique strategy of getting a sought after specialist on behavioral ecology (but who doesn't paintings at once on parasites) to supply an afterword to every bankruptcy.
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Additional resources for Host Manipulation by Parasites
Oikos 119, 1224–1229. , and Perrot-Minnot, M. J. (2010). Host manipulation by parasites with complex life cycle: adaptive or not ? Trends in Parasitology 26, 311–317. Combes, C. (1998). Parasitism, The Ecology and Evolution of intimate interactions. , London. Dawkins, R. (1982). The Extended Phenotype. Oxford University Press, Oxford. , and Perrot-Minnot, M. J. (2010). Intraspecific conflict over host manipulation between different larval stages of an acanthocephalan parasite. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 23, 2648–2655.
3 Factors influencing manipulation intensity in hosts parasitized by manipulative parasites (from Thomas et al. 2011). cases of co-infections by C. australis (which is a common situation in the ﬁeld), certain genotypes would be true manipulators while others would be hitchhikers—beneﬁting from the manipulation of others without paying the direct and indirect costs of the manipulation. Indeed, there are (at least) indirect costs in this system: encysting at the top of the foot is risky because those metacercariae are more likely to be eaten by unsuitable deﬁnitive hosts like benthic ﬁshes (Mouritsen and Poulin 2003).
The reasons behind these differences are unclear, but it could illustrate divergent manipulative strategies between sexes. For instance, males could have more resources available to allocate toward modifying host pigmentation because they invest less in growth than females do (fecundity constraint). In addition, males also have less to gain by remaining in and growing mutually with the host than females do (Benesh et al. 2009). In a recent study using a full reciprocal design of infection under controlled conditions, Franceschi et al.
Host Manipulation by Parasites by David P. Hughes, Jacques Brodeur, Frederic Thomas