By Reijo Miettinen
All governments try to improve and enforce guidelines that give a contribution to innovation. either in educational examine and coverage circles, the idea that of nationwide Innovation structures has represented an important method of business coverage, examine and improvement, and innovation. This booklet will evaluation the improvement and implementation of this process, and its strengths and weak spot by way of contemplating the event of Finland, broadly considered as a version of the knowledge society, high quality equivalent schooling, and systemic innovation coverage among the Nordic welfare states, which themselves have more and more crowned the lists in nationwide competitiveness.
The first a part of the publication analyzes the principles, emergence, and improvement of the nationwide Innovation process process and its adoption in Finnish technological know-how and expertise coverage through the Nineteen Nineties and 2000s. within the moment a part of the booklet another standpoint to innovation and welfare coverage is printed, in line with the assumption of power cultivating associations as a key beginning, either for nationwide welfare and competitiveness. the advance of the Finnish complete university and its certain schooling method is studied so that it will make clear the character of institutional switch and studying, and the stipulations of governing and constructing the permitting companies. the concept that of an permitting welfare country is constructed to reply to the demanding situations of the Nordic version of welfare in a globalizing knowledge-driven economic climate.
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Extra resources for Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy: Towards an Enabling Welfare State
Reports of national ministries and bureaus of statistics 4. Reports and working papers of research institutions 5. Unpublished conference and symposium papers 6. Newspapers and non-scientiﬁc professional magazines 7. Books or book chapters 8. 0 71 4 For the sake of comparison, I also analysed the references of a major OECD report entitled Technology, Productivity and Job Creation (1998) with 296 items in its bibliography. 1. 5%. 1 presents the distribution of the items in the lists of references contained in the four NIS reports according to the type of document.
36 NIS in innovation and technology policy research innovation studies. The group studied the impact of microelectronics on the Danish economy by focusing on the adoption and development of microelectronics in dairy production, the clothing industry, and in waste water treatment in local administration (Lundvall 1985). In all cases Lundvall’s group found a tendency towards producer dominance in innovation along with a lack of competence on the user side. Lundvall concluded that this pattern of innovation might inspire a technology policy that would be more oriented toward strengthening user competence than the policy approaches of the 1980s and would bring users and producers together in new constellations (Lundvall 1985: 44).
As suggested by Moscovici, in order to create a world view, it is important to be in contact with science, which produces constantly the new conceptualizations on which policy language is dependent. The reference to science is also important for the trustworthiness of the knowledge used to substantiate the policy recommendations. The use of the concept “intertextuality” by Cambrosio et al. may be applied to an analysis of the creation of policy documents by OECD science and technology policy bodies.
Innovation, Human Capabilities, and Democracy: Towards an Enabling Welfare State by Reijo Miettinen