By Katharina P. Coleman
What distinguishes a peace enforcement operation from an invasion? this question has been requested with specific vehemence because the US intervention in Iraq, however it faces all army operations looking to impose peace in nations torn by means of civil conflict. This publication highlights the severe position of foreign agencies (IOs) as gatekeepers to foreign legitimacy for contemporary peace enforcement operations. the writer analyses 5 operations introduced via 4 IOs: the ECOWAS intervention in Liberia, the SADC operations within the Democratic Republic of Congo and Lesotho, the NATO Kosovo crusade and the UN intervention in East Timor. In these kind of campaigns, lead states sought IO mandates essentially to set up the foreign legitimacy in their interventions. The proof means that diplomacy are based by way of in general accredited principles, that either democratic and authoritarian states care in regards to the overseas legitimacy in their activities, and that IOs have a key functionality in international politics.
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Extra resources for International Organisations and Peace Enforcement: The Politics of International Legitimacy
Nevertheless, it is clearly essential that customary law be able to evolve in order to stay relevant in a changing international system. Resolving this apparent conundrum depends on – and therefore highlights – the distinction between international legality and legitimacy. Consider the innovative understanding of the evolution of customary law developed by Byers. Rejecting the notion that customary law evolves by mistake, Byers suggests several ways of attenuating the problem of evolution by violation.
Public opinion on an intervention can be swayed by many material and strategic factors, but to the extent that legitimacy perceptions also enter the equation, intervening governments have an interest in ensuring that key sections of society see the intervention STATES, INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS, AND LEGITIMACY 25 as corresponding to the standards for deployment of military force accepted among them. The second potentially important legitimacy audience for states launching a peace enforcement operation is the public within the country of deployment.
Franck, ‘Interpretation and Change in the Law of Humanitarian Intervention’, p. 216. Thanks to an anonymous reviewer for suggesting this formulation. 32 INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS AND PEACE ENFORCEMENT however, international legitimacy judgements can be seen to reflect common understandings of the rules structuring international politics, though not necessarily a common morality. It is this difference in the developmental processes of customary law and international rules of the game that opens the possibility of an action being either legitimate but illegal or legal but illegitimate.
International Organisations and Peace Enforcement: The Politics of International Legitimacy by Katharina P. Coleman