By John Marlowe

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The new commander of the Division was Reza Khan, an almost illiterate soldier who had risen from the ranks and who, in the tradition of earlier 46 THE CONSTITUTION AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR warrior kings of Persia, was destined, in a time of disintegration and decay, to use the army to restore the authority of the central govern- ment, to take over the control of the central government, and, to depose the existing dynasty finally, and himself to become Shah of Persia and to found a new dynasty. The story of his rise to, his tenure eventual fall from power will be described in the next chapter.

By the British. East Persia was occupied by a British Indian force which, until the beginning of 1920, made some ineffectual attempts to assist the survival of anti-Bolshevik forces in Turicestan. was empty. was The treasury, as usual, and British their renewed with the Persian governments diplomatic manoeuvrings It in these circumstances that the Russian government. In January 1918, three months after the October Revolution, the Bolshevist government addressed a note to the Persian government renouncing all privileges previously possessed by the Tsarist govern- ment in Persia and denouncing the Anglo-Russian Convention.

Was The treasury, as usual, and British their renewed with the Persian governments diplomatic manoeuvrings It in these circumstances that the Russian government. In January 1918, three months after the October Revolution, the Bolshevist government addressed a note to the Persian government renouncing all privileges previously possessed by the Tsarist govern- ment in Persia and denouncing the Anglo-Russian Convention. In June 1919, when the Bolshevist government had an unofficial representative in Tehran, they delivered a more detailed note to the Persian govern- ment which (a) Persian debts to the Tsarist government were declared cancelled; (b) all privileges possessed by the Tsarist government in respect of the Persian customs, posts and telegraphs were in all declared ended; (c) all public and private concessions negotiated with THE CONSTITUTION AND THE FIRST WORLD WAR 42 Russian interests under the Tsarist regime were renounced; (d) all over to the property in Persia belonging to the Russian state was made Persian government.

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Iran, A Short Political Guide by John Marlowe


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