By Charles G. Macdonald, Carole A. O'Leary
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Extra resources for Kurdish Identity: Human Rights and Political Status
Calan stated: “The historical conclusion I have arrived at is that the solution for this [Kurdish] problem which has grown so big is democratic union with the democratic, secular Republic. . The democratic option . . is the only alternative in solving the Kurdish question. ” Throughout what is actually his defense against charges of treason and separatism, Öcalan appeals to a higher, more equitable natural law over what he sees as the narrow, positive or man-made law of the Turkish state. “I am not concerned with a legalistic defense for myself ” because the laws of the Turkish state “have become an obstacle before society.
He still felt, however, that “this of course does not mean that socialism left no positive legacy,” since “the socialist experiment . . left a great experience behind it . . ” Indeed, Marxist thought patterns are clear, as Öcalan explained how “a new synthesis will be born out of the thesis and antithesis. ” Öcalan maintained, however, that “the PKK’s rebellion using its own meth- Öcalan’s Capture and Turkey’s Candidacy for Accession to the European Union 43 ods and leading the movement as a military force was legitimate.
Kurds face a slowness of political and economic reform and a limited appreciation of the potential fruits of pluralism. In the early 1960s, Asia and the Middle East had comparable per capita incomes. By the mid-1990s, the per capita income of Asia had quadrupled, and the per capita income of the Middle East, with all its oil, hardly doubled. Demographically, close to 70 percent of the population in most of the Middle East is under 25 years old. It is imperative to open economic opportunities to young people.
Kurdish Identity: Human Rights and Political Status by Charles G. Macdonald, Carole A. O'Leary