By Stefania Tutino
This ebook examines the Catholic elaboration at the dating among nation and Church in past due Elizabethan and Jacobean England. one of the a number of components that have contributed to the complicated means of state-formation in early smooth Europe, spiritual association has definitely been some of the most very important, if no longer an important. in the eu context of the consolidation of either the geographical region entities and the state-Churches, Catholicism in England within the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries provides abnormal parts that are an important to realizing the issues at stake, from either a political and a spiritual perspective. Catholics in early sleek England have been definitely a minority, yet a minority of an apparently doubled variety. at the one hand, they have been a "sect" between many others. however, Catholicism used to be a "universal", catholic faith, in a rustic within which the sovereign was once the pinnacle - or governor - of either political and ecclesiastical institutions. during this context, this monograph casts gentle at the mechanisms in which a particular non secular minority was once in a position to adapt itself inside a unique political context. within the such a lot normal phrases, this e-book contributes to the numerous query of the way assorted spiritual affiliations may well (or may possibly) be built-in inside of one nationwide fact, and the way political allegiance and spiritual trust started to be perceived as varied identities inside one context. present scholarship at the non secular heritage of early smooth England has significantly replaced the best way historians take into consideration English Protestantism. contemporary works have provided a extra nuanced and exact photograph of the English Protestant Church, that's now noticeable now not as a monolithic establishment, yet fairly as complicated and fluid. This ebook seeks to provide convinced parts of a complementary view of the English Catholic Church as an organism in which the talk over the way to mix the catholic characteristic of the Church of Ro
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Additional resources for Law and Conscience: Catholicism in Early Modern England, 1570-1625
The different degree of “immediacy” between the two authorities also means that they have two different ends: the civil authority “non nisi hanc vitam attingit”, while the ecclesiastical one is in charge of the eternal life. in other words, the civil authority presides over the body of men, the ecclesiastical one over the soul, which is by far the most important part of human beings. 46 Establishing a hierarchical relation between the two spheres of power logically entails not only the full legitimacy of excommunication, but also and above all the right and duty of Catholic subjects to consider themselves exonerated by obligations to any sovereign declared illegitimate and, therefore, to rebel.
Pp. 73–91. 20 LaW anD ConSCiEnCE the more distinctly political level. Concerning the reaction of the Elizabethan regime towards the Catholics, only in 1585 did Elizabeth officially declare the Jesuits and missionary priests guilty of high treason and then subject to the death sentence,33 and that suggests that the event that really launched anti-Catholic penal legislation was the mission of the Society of Jesus, which started at the end of 1580. 36 the international context, moreover, was one to commend moderation.
From 1570 on it can be said, I believe, that words such as “non-conformism” and “loyalism” somehow changed meaning; and similarly, after the Jesuits’ 1580 mission, these concepts translated differently into their practical application. 39 Born into a family belonging to the Catholic lesser nobility of the Surrey countryside, and educated at New College at Oxford, Sander fled England in 1559, after the proclamation of the act of Supremacy. after a brief stay in Rome, during which he was involved, on behalf of Pius V, in discussions on the question of the outer conformity of the English Catholics, he was transferred on an almost permanent basis to the university of Louvain as a professor of theology.
Law and Conscience: Catholicism in Early Modern England, 1570-1625 by Stefania Tutino