By Margaret Gruter, Paul Bohannan

ISBN-10: 091552063X

ISBN-13: 9780915520633

Ebook by way of Gruter, Margaret

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A socio-anthropological formulation of the functional prerequisites for societal maintenance, which builds on the earlier work of Malinowski and Talcott Parsons, sets out the following: (1) to maintain the biologic functioning of the group members; (2) to reproduce new members of the group; Gruter and Bohannan [33] (3) to socialize new members into functioning adults; (4) to produce and distribute goods and services necessary to life; (5) to maintain order within the group and between it and outsiders; (6) to define the 'meaning of life' and maintain the motivation to survive and engage in the activities necessary for survival, (Bennett & Tumin, 1948), Legal institutions are directed to function (5) above.

Although Stent (1980: 4-10) devotes respectful attention to social anthropologist Sahlins' polemic attack on sociobiology, physical anthropologist Konner (who does know the field) dismisses Sahlins' critique on the ground that 'his grasp of the basic scientific issues is so poor that discussion of his critique is really impossible' (Konner , ~ 1982). It is imperative that we all recognize and respect the limits of our naivete. Now, can law fruitfully be linked to behavioral research with genetic implications?

In every human society, these codes are verbally formulated as norms (though not necessarily as laws) used to guide and evaluate individual behavior. As noted, they vary widely in content from one, society to another. Yet they seem to have in common the following characteristics: (1) they are generated by and manifested in social interaction; (2) they are enforced against those who violate them; (3) they lead to reward for those who comply with them; (4) they are supported by a substantial segment of the society, directly or vicariously; (5) support for them is enhanced by the belief that they are fair or just.

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Law, Biology and Culture: The Evolution of Law by Margaret Gruter, Paul Bohannan

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