By Paul Rogers
During this booklet, Paul Rogers argues that there are basic matters that may ensure the evolution of clash within the twenty first century - the widening hole among wealthy and bad, and the surroundings. Examples are given from worldwide, masking either the North and South.
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Extra resources for Losing Control: Global Security in the Twenty-first Century
Rust’s ability to evade detection by Soviet air defences had had a profound effect, making operatives highly sensitive to the need to avoid getting caught out. Thus, at several levels up the ladder of command, officers decided to play safe and pass on the alert rather than check in detail before doing so. When they first detected the research rocket, the radar operators could be blamed for causing a false alarm by passing on details of the launch, but they were concerned that the rocket might just have been part of a missile attack, and passed on responsibility to a higher level.
In other words, nuclear war-fighting could be controlled. In Europe, perhaps the most tense region of the Cold War nuclear confrontation, both alliances had policies of the first use of nuclear weapons in response to conventional attack. For NATO in the 1950s, prior to the Soviet Union having developed a large arsenal of nuclear weapons, the posture was codified in a military document MC14/2, colloquially termed the ‘trip-wire’ posture. Any Soviet attack against NATO would be met with a massive nuclear retaliation, including the use of US strategic nuclear forces, and this assumed that the US could destroy the Soviet Union’s nuclear forces and its wider military potential without suffering unacceptable damage itself.
The much more troubling aspect of SDI was the idea that it might be employed in conjunction with highly accurate MIRVed missiles. 16 Tactical nuclear weapons and first use Reviewing the development and deployment of strategic nuclear weapons overall, it is evident that an enduring feature has been a commitment to nuclear war-fighting. 17 This was also the case with the development of tactical nuclear weapons, where NATO has maintained a long-time policy of flexible response, an anodyne term that embraces first use.
Losing Control: Global Security in the Twenty-first Century by Paul Rogers