By Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller
What determines even if an motion is correct or fallacious? One attractive concept is ethical code should comprise a few principles that inform humans the way to behave and which are easy and few sufficient to be simply discovered. one other beautiful notion is that the results of activities topic, frequently greater than anything. Rule consequentialism attempts to weave those rules right into a common conception of morality. This conception holds that morally mistaken activities are those forbidden by means of ideas whose recognition could maximize the general solid. Morality, principles, and outcomes: A serious Reader explores for college students and researchers the connection among consequentialist concept and ethical ideas. many of the chapters specialize in rule consequentialism or at the contrast among act and rule models of consequentialism. individuals, between them the best philosophers within the self-discipline, recommend methods of assessing no matter if rule consequentialism can be a passable ethical concept. those essays, all of that are formerly unpublished, offer scholars in ethical philosophy with crucial fabric and ask key questions about simply what the factors for an sufficient ethical idea may be.
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Extra resources for Morality, Rules and Consequences: A Critical Reader
Even if everyone is capable of identifying and performing those acts which of all feasible acts have the best overall effects, there is good reason to believe that a higher level of general welfare could be generated by conforming to an optimal code that is not extensionally equivalent to act utilitarianism. Rational agents who seek to maximise the general welfare can do better by agreeing to cooperate with each other rather than by refusing to cooperate in accord with such a code, even if the refusal to cooperate is prompted by act-utilitarian considerations.
To save the lives of five patients who need different organ transplants, for example, a surgeon will be permitted to seize and chop up the innocent Chuck to harvest his healthy heart, liver, lungs and so on, if these organs happen to be matches for the respective patients. `After all, if everyone counts equally, then it is simply a matter of five versus one. Obviously, it is a horrible result that Chuck will end up dead; but it would be an even worse result if five people end up dead. ' 6 There isn't any thought that Chuck has a `deontological right' not to be killed for his organs.
Means for living a good For these reasons and because so much of our time and effort are directed towards `securing the continuance of what is thus a mere means', including `the claims of industry and attention to health', Moore urges that `in cases where choice is open, the certain attainment of a present good will in general have the strongest claims upon us' (167). We should not spend our lives so absorbed with the preconditions for enjoying the goods that make life worth living that ± like the man who scrimps his whole life for a leisurely retirement he never lives to see ± we never actually attain those goods.
Morality, Rules and Consequences: A Critical Reader by Brad Hooker, Elinor Mason, Dale E. Miller