By Pal Thonstad Sandvik
Scholarly recognition has tended to target the vendors and administration of the multinationals, but if the point of interest is modified to that of subsidiaries, assorted features of commercial improvement and overseas capitalism come to mild. Sandvik’s learn seems on the Falconbridge nickel refinery in Kristiansand, Norway.
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Additional resources for Multinationals, Subsidiaries and National Business Systems: The Nickel Industry and Falconbridge Nikkelverk
38 Labour Relations in a Multinational Company While Falconbridge tolerated no labour unions at its Sudbury plants prior to the Second World War,39 the workers at the Kristiansand refinery had been unionized since 1911. Like all other foreign companies investing in Norway in the interwar period, Falconbridge had to accept that union power was a fact of industrial life. All workers, except some who opted out for religious reasons, were unionized. The shop stewards were mainly moderate Labour Party supporters.
He had personal friends and old colleagues (from BANC and KNR) among the management, engineers and foremen in both Sudbury and Kristiansand. He thereby contributed to the smooth integration of the geographically dispersed production plants. In addition to all this, Grønningsæter was technical advisor to Thayer Lindsley and Ventures Ltd and was often sent to inspect Ventures’ inhospitable mine sites in Northern Canada. Grønningsæter eventually settled in New York where Falconbridge established its head office in the early 1930s.
19 Morgan had ownership interests in INCO and did not want any competition. Pearson’s need for outside investors opened the door for the Norwegians. Sam Eyde established an investment group consisting of KNR, the Norwegian metallurgical company Elkem, the German metal-trading company Beer-Sondheimer and BANC. 20 By that time KNR and Elkem had sent two engineers to Canada to investigate BANC’s deposit. 21 Mining costs per tonne of nickel ore would also be substantially lower than at the Norwegian mines.
Multinationals, Subsidiaries and National Business Systems: The Nickel Industry and Falconbridge Nikkelverk by Pal Thonstad Sandvik