By Brian Jenkins
The resilience of nationalism in modern Europe could seem paradoxical at a time whilst the country kingdom is greatly visible as being 'in decline'. The individuals of this e-book see the resurgence of nationalism as symptomatic of the search for id and which means within the complicated sleek global. Challenged from above via the supranational imperatives of globalism and from lower than by way of the complicated pluralism of recent societies, the kingdom country, within the absence of choices to marketplace consumerism, is still a spotlight for social id. country and identification in modern Europe takes a completely interdisciplinary and comparative method of the 'national question'. person chapters examine the specifics of nationwide id in France, Germany, Britain, Italy, Iberia, Russia, the previous Yugoslavla and Poland, whereas having a look additionally at exterior forces reminiscent of monetary globalisation, ecu supranationalism, and the tip of the chilly warfare. surroundings present matters and conflicts of their wide historic context, the ebook reaffirms that 'nations' aren't 'natural' phenomena yet 'constructed' varieties of social identification whose destiny could be decided within the social enviornment.
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Additional info for Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe
Smith (1971) Theories of Nationalism, London, Duckworth. —— (1986) The Ethnic Origins of Nations, Oxford, Blackwell. 1 I believe that ideas about separating, purifying, demarcating, and punishing transgressions have as their main function to impose a system on an inherently untidy experience. 2 Antony Smith has outlined how national identity is a complex phenomenon, constructed out of a number of inter-related components—ethnic, cultural, territorial and legal-political. 3 Taking up Smith’s ideas this chapter will argue that the articulation of national identity is premised upon the identification of symbolic boundaries.
However, the situation differed in at least one important respect. The earlier period was one in which the modern nation-state was first establishing itself, when a popular sense of nationhood often did not yet exist, when the nascent socialist and labour movement was still perceived as a revolutionary threat, when bourgeois state nationalism was still being invented as an ideology of social control. Today, however, we are faced with the curious paradox that the resurgence of diverse nationalisms has coincided with the declining credibility of the nation-state form, in a ‘post-modern’ context where the great competing ideologies or grand narratives of class society have lost their powers of mobilisation.
In the same period popular nationalisms of this sort emerged in Yugoslavia, Greece, France and to a lesser extent in Italy. For the cases of Yugoslavia, France and Italy, see the relevant chapters in this volume. 45. Nairn, op. 347. This was certainly a widespread view as far as the ‘regionalist’/‘micronationalist’ movements in France, Italy, Spain and the UK of the 1970s and early 1980s were concerned. The cases of the nationalism of the Italian Leagues, or of the nationalisms which tore apart former Yugoslavia, or of some Western European regions (Catalonia, Austrian and Italian Tyrol, or Flanders, to name but a few) have been far more controversial as undemocratic or anti-democratic tendencies have been very much in evidence.
Nation and Identity in Contemporary Europe by Brian Jenkins