By Prof Anthony D Smith, Anthony Smith
This ebook represents a much-needed analytical survey of present theories of nationalism via one of many best experts within the box. It contextualizes the recent insights into nationalism and its dating with states and state-building on one hand, and ethnicity and ethnic revival at the different. Anthony Smith assesses the contributions of key figures within the box. Given the level of nationalist and ethnic phenomena and the variety of methods which were recommend, Smith's available account will turn out an fundamental consultant.
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Additional resources for Nationalism and modernism: a critical survey of recent theories of nations and nationalism
In such cases the urban old-timers resorted to cultural exclusion and ethnic job reservation. In these circumstances, the intelligentsias on both sides of the cultural divide were able to turn ethnic conflicts into nationalist movements demanding secession from the 27 28 Varieties of modernism existing political unit in which both groups had, usually long ago, been incorporated (Gellner 1964: ch. 7). For Gellner, therefore, nations do not create nationalism. Rather, nationalist movements define and create nations.
This is especially true of his analysis of religion as the core of moral community and his consequent belief that ‘there is something eternal in religion’, whatever the changes in its symbolism, because all societies feel the need to reaffirm and renew themselves periodically through collective rites and ceremonies. In this respect, he claims, there is no difference between Christian or Jewish festivals, and a reunion of citizens commemorating the promulgation of a new moral or legal system or some great event in the national life, (Durkheim 1915:427) as occurred, most memorably, during the French Revolution when under the influence of the general enthusiasm, things purely laical in character were transformed by public opinion into sacred things: these were the Fatherland, Liberty, Reason.
But in some cases social conflict became ethnic antagonism. This happened when the newcomers, the uprooted proletariat, were visibly different, had entirely different belief systems and customs, or spoke unintelligible languages. In such cases the urban old-timers resorted to cultural exclusion and ethnic job reservation. In these circumstances, the intelligentsias on both sides of the cultural divide were able to turn ethnic conflicts into nationalist movements demanding secession from the 27 28 Varieties of modernism existing political unit in which both groups had, usually long ago, been incorporated (Gellner 1964: ch.
Nationalism and modernism: a critical survey of recent theories of nations and nationalism by Prof Anthony D Smith, Anthony Smith