By Rabindranath Tagore

ISBN-10: 935118255X

ISBN-13: 9789351182559

‘More than the other Indian he has . . . broadened the bases of Indian nationalism. He has been India’s internationalist par excellence’ —Jawaharlal Nehru Rabindranath Tagore (1861–1941) used to be the 1st Asian to win a Nobel Prize. Nationalism relies on lectures added by way of him through the First global conflict. whereas the countries of Europe have been doing conflict, Tagore advised his audiences in Japan and the U.S. to eschew political aggressiveness and cultural conceitedness. His undertaking, one may perhaps say, used to be to synthesize East and West, culture and modernity. The lectures weren't consistently good bought on the time, yet they have been chillingly prophetic. As Ramachandra Guha indicates in his terrific and erudite advent, it was once by means of interpreting and talking to Tagore that these founders of contemporary India, Gandhi and Nehru, constructed a idea of nationalism that used to be inclusive instead of particular. Tagore’s Nationalism may be necessary analyzing in today’s weather of xenophobia, sectarianism, violence and intolerance.

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Unlike in the USA, where the collective identity is defined by a political creed vindicated in a war of independence, or France, where there is a pronounced republican ethos built, again, on revolution, the civic dimensions of an R E C L A I M I N G P A T R I O T I S M Australian identity are relatively weak. Australians do not have a 40 long history of considering themselves as fellow citizens, united by political bonds. Strictly speaking, Australian citizenship as a legal status was only formalised with the passage of the Nationality and Citizenship Act 1948 (Cth) (which actually came into effect in 1949).

4 Yet this burgeoning diversity did not bring with it the Balkanisation and social division that some had predicted. Any patriotism appeared relatively contained: no violent unrest, none of the viciousness usually associated with breast-beating jingoism. Even the troubling explosion of Hansonist anti-immigrant populism was contained relatively quickly. Australia could boast that it was, by and large, an immigration and multiculturalism success story. Arguably, any such pretence came to an end one Sunday in December 2005, abruptly shattered by a rioting mob of 5000 on the streets of Cronulla.

F. Archibald’s Bulletin. 24 Despite Anzac’s central place in the national imagination, there are clear limits to how far we can derive an Australian tradition from its legend. It appears difficult, for instance, to connect the Anzac story with an aspect of the Australian tradition that is sometimes underemphasised: democracy. Part of this can be explained by the particular character that values such as mateship and egalitarianism bushman, they are by some degrees removed from an Australian democratic political tradition.

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Nationalism (Penguin Modern Classics) by Rabindranath Tagore

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